
Subject Areas on Research

'Unlearning' has a stabilizing effect in collective memories.

A Cayley tree immune network model with antibody dynamics.

A calorimetric and equilibrium investigation of the hydrolysis of lactose.

A coaxial microwave applicator for transurethral hyperthermia of the prostate.

A common representational system governed by Weber's law: nonverbal numerical similarity judgments in 6yearolds and rhesus macaques.

A comparison of methods for the estimation of plasma low and very lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol. The Lipid Research Clinics Prevalence Study.

A comparison of test statistics for assessing the effects of concomitant variables in survival analysis.

A filtered backprojection algorithm for axial head motion correction in fanbeam SPECT.

A filtered backprojection algorithm for pinhole SPECT with a displaced centre of rotation.

A filteredbackprojection algorithm for fanbeam SPECT which corrects for patient motion.

A flexible method for simulating cardiac conduction in threedimensional complex geometries.

A gestationalageindependent model of birth weight based on placental size.

A high resolution structure of an inhibitor complex of the extracellular nuclease of Staphylococcus aureus. I. Experimental procedures and chain tracing.

A kinetic study of proteinprotein interactions.

A kinetic study of the binding of an ADP fluorescent analog to mitochondrial ATPase.

A mathematical model for analysis of pharmacologically induced changes in the kinetics of cardiac muscle.

A mathematical model gives insights into nutritional and genetic aspects of folatemediated onecarbon metabolism.

A mathematical model quantifying GnRHinduced LH secretion from gonadotropes.

A method for analyzing mortality data collected in followup studies.

A method to study the characteristics of 3D dose distributions created by superposition of many intensitymodulated beams delivered via a slit aperture with multiple absorbing vanes.

A model for fast axonal transport.

A model of harmine metabolism in the rat.

A model of the regional uptake of gaseous pollutants in the lung. I. The sensitivity of the uptake of ozone in the human lung to lower respiratory tract secretions and exercise.

A multivariate approach for classifying hospitals and computing blended payment rates.

A new erythrocyte membraneassociated protein with calmodulin binding activity. Identification and purification.

A new fully automated approach for aligning and comparing shapes.

A nonparametric general linear model.

A note of dipole sources in conducting biological tissues.

A novel micropipet method for measuring the bending modulus of vesicle membranes.

A nuclear magnetic resonance study of the interaction of Lepinephrine with phospholipid vesicles.

A pharmacodynamic model to investigate the structureactivity profile of a series of novel opioid analgesics.

A physiologic model of the dehydroepiandrosterone to estrogen conversion system in the fetoplacental unit. I. Development.

A quantitative description of QX222 blockade of sodium channels in squid axons.

A rapid micromethod for determination of FMN and FAD in mixtures.

A refocused and optimized HNCA: increased sensitivity and resolution in large macromolecules.

A regionbased mathematical model of the urine concentrating mechanism in the rat outer medulla. I. Formulation and basecase results.

A regionbased mathematical model of the urine concentrating mechanism in the rat outer medulla. II. Parameter sensitivity and tubular inhomogeneity.

A rheological study of packed red blood cell suspensions with an oscillating ball microrheometer.

A semiclassical theory for nerve excitation by a low intensity electromagnetic field.

A sensitive measure of surface stress in the resting neutrophil.

A sensitivity analysis of enzymatic estimation of infarct size.

A simple model for calcium induced exocytosis.

A simple technique for the measurement of swimming speed of Chlamydomonas.

A solidliquid composite model of the red cell membrane.

A study of the binding of thiamine diphosphate and thiochrome diphosphate to the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex.

A ternary complex model explains the agonistspecific binding properties of the adenylate cyclasecoupled betaadrenergic receptor.

A thermodynamic study of the partition of nhexane into phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylcholinecholesterol bilayers.

A twostage model of brightness.

ATPsensitive K+ channels in a plasma membrane H+ATPase mutant of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Activation of beef heart mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase by 2,4dinitrophenol.

Activation of phenylalanine hydroxylase by phenylalanine.

Adaptingbump model for eccentric cells of Limulus.

Adhesion of red cells to foreign surfaces in the presence of flow.

Aggregation of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.

Allostery in Callinectes sapidus hemocyanin: cooperative oxygen binding and interactions with Llactate, calcium, and protons.

Amino acid sequences of pyridoxal 5'phosphate binding sites and fluorescence resonance energy transfer in chicken liver fatty acid synthase.

An economic and linear model of the hospital.

An empirical basis for Mach bands.

An equilibrium binding study of the interaction of aspartate transcarbamylase with cytidine 5'triphosphate and adenosine 5'triphosphate.

An equilibrium binding study of the interaction of fructose 6phosphate and fructose 1,6bisphosphate with rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.

Analog number representations in mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz): evidence from a search task.

Analysis of lateral diffusion from a spherical cell surface to a tubular projection.

Analysis of the effect of three different allosteric ligands on oxygen binding by hemocyanin of the shrimp, Penaeus setiferus.

Analysis of the volume of red blood cells: application of the expectationmaximization algorithm to grouped data from the doublytruncated lognormal distribution.

Analytical solutions for shear deformation and flow of red cell membrane.

Angle correction can be used to measure peak systolic velocity in the fetal middle cerebral artery.

Appendices. Kinetic models for the analysis of modulation and suppression of irreversible enzymatic inhibition.

Application of in vivo and in vitro pharmacokinetics for physiologically relevant drug exposure in a human tumor clonogenic cell assay.

Arithmetic difficulties in females with the fragile X premutation.

Aromatherapy positively affects mood, EEG patterns of alertness and math computations.

Asbestos body concentrations in human lung: predictions from asbestos body counts in tissue sections with a mathematical model.

Assembly and calciuminduced cooperativity of Limulus IV hemocyanin: a model system for analysis of structurefunction relationships in the absence of subunit heterogeneity.

Assessing genetic association with human survival at multiallelic loci.

Assessment of health literacy and numeracy among SpanishSpeaking parents of young children: validation of the Spanish Parental Health Literacy Activities Test (PHLAT Spanish).

Assignment of the absolute configuration of [n]ladderanes by TDDFT optical rotation calculations.

Atomic contributions to the optical rotation angle as a quantitative probe of molecular chirality.

Attention Problems and Academic Achievement: Do Persistent and EarlierEmerging Problems Have More Adverse LongTerm Effects?

Automated production of contour maps for electrophysiology. I. Problem definition, solution strategy, and specification of geometric model.

Automated production of contour maps for electrophysiology. II. Triangulation, verification, and organization of the geometric model.

Automated production of contour maps for electrophysiology. III. Construction of contour maps.

Automatic integration of the reaction path using diagonally implicit RungeKutta methods.

Basic math in monkeys and college students.

Bayesian analysis of proportional hazards models built from monotone functions.

Beam steering with linear arrays.

Beyond the number domain.

Bioluminescence screening for bacteriuria.

Biomechanical implications of intraspecific shape variation in chimpanzee crania: moving toward an integration of geometric morphometrics and finite element analysis.

Blockade of rabbit atrial sodium channels by lidocaine. Characterization of continuous and frequencydependent blocking.

Boundary element analysis of the directional sensitivity of the concentric EMG electrode.

Bovine hepatic fructose 1,6diphosphatase: glycerophosphate hydrolysisevidence for a shared active site.

Brief Report: Executive Function as a Predictor of Academic Achievement in SchoolAged Children with ASD.

Broadening of the RF powerdensity window for calciumion efflux from brain tissue.

CNR enhancement in the presence of multiple interfering processes using linear filters.

CO binding by hemocyanins of Limulus polyphemus, Busycon carica, and Callinectes sapidus.

Calcium gradients and buffers in bovine chromaffin cells.

Calculation on fluorescence resonance energy transfer on surfaces.

Carbon monoxide binding by hemoglobin and myoglobin under photodissociating conditions.

Carbon monoxide binding by simple heme proteins under photodissociating conditions.

Cardiac extracellular potentials. Analysis of complex wave forms about the Purkinje networks in dogs.

Catalytic properties of the HhaII restriction endonuclease.

Chancecorrected sensitivity and specificity for threezone diagnostic tests.

Changes in hematocrit based on incremental blood sampling: mathematical models perform poorly.

Characterization of nucleotide binding sites on chloroplast coupling factor 1.

Characterization of sulfhydryl groups on chloroplast coupling factor 1 exposed by heat activation.

Characterization of tumour temperature distributions in hyperthermia based on assumed mathematical forms.

Chemical modification and fluorescence studies of chloroplast coupling factor.

Cineangiographic measurements with the help of a vertebral grid system.

Clinical implications of numeracy: theory and practice.

Coevolution of the major histocompatibility complex and the tcomplex in the mouse. I. Generation and maintenance of high complementarity associations.

Coevolution of the major histocompatibility complex and the tcomplex in the mouse. II. Modification of response to sharing of histocompatibility antigens.

Comparative study of local and KarhunenLoèvebased STT indexes in recordings from human subjects with induced myocardial ischemia.

Comparison of biplane and single plane left ventricular volumes in atrial septal defect.

Compartmental analysis of amine storage in bovine adrenal medullary granules.

Competition in oxygenlinked anion binding to normal and variant human hemoglobins.

Competition of hydrophobic peptides, cytotoxic drugs, and chemosensitizers on a common Pglycoprotein pharmacophore as revealed by its ATPase activity.

Completeness of the geological record.

Complexdependent inhibition of factor VIIa by antithrombin III and heparin.

Computation of expected deaths for prediction and for longterm followup studies.

Computational techniques for fast hyperthermia temperature optimization.

Computer construction of isokinetic sucrose centrifugation gradients.

Computer simulations of morphologically reconstructed CA3 hippocampal neurons.

Computing inverse solutions for an onoff heart model.

Conductance transients onto dendritic spines in a segmental cable model of hippocampal neurons.

Cone beam collimation for single photon emission computed tomography: analysis, simulation, and image reconstruction using filtered backprojection.

Confined animal feeding operations as amplifiers of influenza.

Conformation and protease binding activity of binary and ternary human alpha 2macroglobulinprotease complexes.

Context affects the numerical semantic congruity effect in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).

Contribution of afterload, hypertrophy and geometry to left ventricular ejection fraction in aortic valve stenosis, pure aortic regurgitation and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

Controlled eddy currents: applications to MR imaging.

Cooperativity and binding in the mechanism of cytosolic phospholipase A2.

Correction of isokinetic and isometric torque recordings for the effects of gravity. A clinical report.

Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer.

Current density and electrically induced ventricular fibrillation.

Current density and electrically induced ventricular fibrillation.

Cyclic adenosine 3':5'monophosphatedependent protein kinase.

Cyclic reentry of germinal center B cells and the efficiency of affinity maturation.

DQE(f) of four generations of computed radiography acquisition devices.

Deformability and viscoelasticity of human erythrocyte membrane.

Deformation and flow of membrane into tethers extracted from neuronal growth cones.

Deformation of blood cells adhering to surfaces.

Degeneration and aging affect the tensile behavior of human lumbar anulus fibrosus.

Determination of electric parameters of cell membranes by a dielectrophoresis method.

Determining surface potentials from current dipoles, with application to electrocardiography.

Development of a model for point source electrical fibre bundle stimulation.

Developmental trajectory of neural specialization for letter and number visual processing.

Dielectrophoresis and electrorotation of neurospora slime and murine myeloma cells.

Direct determination of the lamellar structure of peripheral nerve myelin at low resolution (17 A).

Direct determination of the lamellar structure of peripheral nerve myelin at moderate resolution (7A).

Direct structure determination of multilayered membranetype systems which contain fluid layers.

Dispersion of latencies in photoreceptors of Limulus and the adaptingbump model.

Disproportionate effects of regional hypokinesis on radionuclide ejection fraction: compensation using attenuationcorrected ventricular volumes.

Distributed solute and water reabsorption in a central core model of the renal medulla.

Distribution of Henle's loops may enhance urine concentrating capability.

Diurnal variation in intraocular pressure.

Doppler evaluation of aortic valve area in children with aortic stenosis.

Dosimetry and microdosimetry of targeted radiotherapy.

Drought, snails, and largescale dieoff of southern U.S. salt marshes.

Drug concentration heterogeneity facilitates the evolution of drug resistance.

Dualwavelength ratiometric fluorescence measurement of the membrane dipole potential.

Effect of cytoskeletal geometry on intracellular diffusion.

Effect of exercise speed on heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and ratepressure product during upper extremity ergometry.

Effect of intracellular anisotropy on electrical source determination in a muscle fibre.

Effect of junctional resistance on sourcestrength in a linear cable.

Effect of steady illumination on the binding of carbon monoxide by carboxymethylated cytochrome c.

Effect of streptavidin affinity mutants on the integrinindependent adhesion of biotinylated endothelial cells.

Effect of suckling on the hypothalamicpituitary axis in postpartum beef cows, independent of ovarian secretions.

Effect of tubular inhomogeneities on filter properties of thick ascending limb of Henle's loop.

Effect of wheat germ agglutinin on the viscoelastic properties of erythrocyte membrane.

Effects of Numerical Versus ForegroundOnly Icon Displays on Understanding of Risk Magnitudes.

Effects of age on radionuclide angiographic detection and quantitation of lefttoright shunts.

Effects of health insurance on physicians' fees.

Effects of ischemia on left ventricular regional function in the conscious dog.

Effects of multiple metal binding sites on calcium and magnesiumdependent activation of BK channels.

Effects of propranolol on cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses to mental arithmetic in type A men.

Effects of undersampling on the proper interpretation of modulation transfer function, noise power spectra, and noise equivalent quanta of digital imaging systems.

Electrical characteristics of dendrites and dendritic spines in intracellularly stained CA3 and dentate hippocampal neurons.

Electromechanical permeabilization of lipid vesicles. Role of membrane tension and compressibility.

Electrocardiogram sources in a 2dimensional anisotropic activation model.

Electrophysiological evidence for the involvement of the approximate number system in preschoolers' processing of spoken number words.

Elementary steps in the reaction mechanism of chicken liver fatty acid synthase. pH dependence of NADPH binding and isotope rate effect for betaketoacyl reductase.

Elementary steps in the reaction mechanism of chicken liver fatty acid synthase: acetylationdeacetylation.

Elementary steps in the reaction mechanism of the alphaketoglutarate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex from Escherichia coli: kinetics of succinylation and desuccinylation.

Elementary steps in the reaction mechanism of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex from Escherichia coli: kinetics of acetylation and deacetylation.

Empty sets as part of the numerical continuum: conceptual precursors to the zero concept in rhesus monkeys.

Energetics of lectincarbohydrate binding. A microcalorimetric investigation of concanavalin Aoligomannoside complexation.

Epicardial cardiac sourcefield behavior.

Equations for predicting diver regional skin temperatures as a function of mean skin temperature.

Equilibrium binding of nucleotides to beef heart mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase.

Estimating drug shelflife with random batches.

Estimating the likelihood of significant coronary artery disease.

Estimation of tissue resistivities from multipleelectrode impedance measurements.

Evaluation and clinical application of a direct lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol assay in normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic adults.

Evaluation of myocardial and peripheral vascular responses during reaction time, mental arithmetic, and cold pressor tasks.

Examination of the choice of models for computing the extracellular potential of a single fibre in a restricted volume conductor.

Existence of a flat phase in red cell membrane skeletons.

Experiencedependent hemispheric specialization of letters and numbers is revealed in early visual processing.

Exponential models for analyses of timerelated factors, illustrated with asbestos textile worker mortality data.

Extending the NMR spatial resolution limit for RNA by motional couplings.

Extensional flow of erythrocyte membrane from cell body to elastic tether. I. Analysis.

Extensional flow of erythrocyte membrane from cell body to elastic tether. II. Experiment.

Extracellular potentials related to intracellular action potentials during impulse conduction in anisotropic canine cardiac muscle.

Factors associated with arithmeticandreading disability and specific arithmetic disability.

Factors that influence siderophoremediated iron bioavailability: catalysis of interligand iron (III) transfer from ferrioxamine B to EDTA by hydroxamic acids.

Feasibility study for a twodimensional diagnostic ultrasound velocity mapping system.

Femtosecond phasecoherent twodimensional spectroscopy.

Finding motion parameters from spherical motion fields (or the advantages of having eyes in the back of your head).

Finite difference solution for biopotentials of axially symmetric cells.

Flow permeation analysis of bovine cervical mucus.

Fluctuationdriven directional flow in biochemical cycle: further study of electric activation of Na,K pumps.

Fluid dynamics of aortic stenosis: mechanisms for the presence of subvalvular pressure gradients.

Fluorescence energy transfer between ligand binding sites on aspartate transcarbamylase.

Fluorescence energy transfer between ligand binding sites on chloroplast coupling factor 1.

Fluorescence energy transfer between the thiamine diphosphate and flavine adenine dinucleotide binding sites on the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex.

Fluorescence energy transfer measurements between ligand binding sites of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex.

Fluorescence energy transfer measurements in rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.

Fluorescence energy transfer measurements in the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex from Escherichia coli with chemically modified lipoic acid.

Fluorescence photobleaching with spatial Fourier analysis: measurement of diffusion in lightscattering media.

Fluorescence polarization study of the alphaketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex from Escherichia coli.

Fluorescence studies of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex from Escherichia coli.

Force relaxation and permanent deformation of erythrocyte membrane.

Forces for morphogenesis investigated with laser microsurgery and quantitative modeling.

Formation of the excited ferryl species following Fenton reaction.

Frequency domain analysis reveals external periodic fluctuations can generate sustained p53 oscillation.

Frequencydependent absorption of electromagnetic energy in biological tissue.

Fully threedimensional positron emission tomography.

Functional imaging of numerical processing in adults and 4yold children.

Functional morphology of the Neandertal scapular glenoid fossa.

Fundamentals of quantitative dynamic contrastenhanced MR imaging.

Further studies of a macrophage chemotaxis inhibitor (MCI) produced by neoplasms: murine tumors free of lactic dehydrogenase virus produce MCI.

Fuzzy and crisp settheoreticbased classification of health and disease. A qualitative and quantitative comparison.

Genetic sampling error of distance (delta(mu))2 and variation in mutation rate among microsatellite loci.

Glycemic response to stress is altered in euglycemic Pima Indians.

Grade of Membership generalizations and aging research.

Hans J. Bremermann: a pioneer in mathematical biology.

Hardness, softness, and the fukui function in the electronic theory of metals and catalysis.

Health numeracy: the importance of domain in assessing numeracy.

Hemodynamic collapse, geometry, and the rapidly paced upper limit of ventricular vulnerability to fibrillation by Twave stimulation.

Heterogeneity impairs numerical matching but not numerical ordering in preschool children.

Hierarchical ordering of reticular networks.

Highprecision isotope ratio mass spectrometry and stable isotope precursors for tracer studies in cell culture.

Holography in artificial neural networks.

Homogeneous NMR spectra in inhomogeneous fields.

How much does number matter to a monkey (Macaca mulatta)?

Human erythrocyte catalase: an improved method of isolation and a reevaluation of reported properties.

Human in vivo phosphate metabolite imaging with 31P NMR.

Hydrocephalus as a possible additional contributor to cognitive outcome in survivors of pediatric medulloblastoma.

Hypercortisolism associated with social subordinance or social isolation among wild baboons.

Identification of chloridebinding sites in hemoglobin by nuclearmagneticresonance quadrupolerelaxation studies of hemoglobin digests.

Imaging with intermolecular multiplequantum coherences in solution nuclear magnetic resonance.

Impact of North Carolina's Early Childhood Programs and Policies on Educational Outcomes in Elementary School.

Improved computer program data for the resolution and fractionation of macromolecules by isokinetic sucrose density gradient sedimentation.

Improved magnetic resonance thermal imaging by combining proton resonance frequency shift (PRFS) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) data.

Improving arithmetic performance with number sense training: an investigation of underlying mechanism.

Individual fecundity and senescence in Drosophila and medfly.

Induced alphaband oscillations reflect ratiodependent number discrimination in the infant brain.

Influence of activation site on measurements of myocardial inotropic reserve.

Instantaneous and steadystate gains in the tubuloglomerular feedback system.

Integral equation solution for biopotentials of single cells.

Interaction of aspartate transcarbamylase with 5bromocytidine 5'tri, di, and monophosphates.

Interaction of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide with beef heart smalate dehydrogenase.

Interactions between charged, uncharged, and zwitterionic bilayers containing phosphatidylglycerol.

Interactions of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides with varied states and forms of hemoglobin.

Intermolecular zeroquantum coherence imaging of the human brain

Intersensory redundancy accelerates preverbal numerical competence.

Interspecies comparison of pharmacokinetic profile and bioavailability of (+/)gossypol in male Fischer344 rats and male B6C3F mice.

Interstitial potentials and their change with depth into cardiac tissue.

Intrachromosomal gene conversion and the maintenance of sequence homogeneity among repeated genes.

Intraoperative blood salvage: a mathematical perspective.

Inverse calculation of QRST epicardial potentials from body surface potential distributions for normal and ectopic beats in the intact dog.

Investigation of quercetin binding sites on chloroplast coupling factor 1.

Kinetic studies of tryptophan synthetase. Interaction of Lserine, indole, and tryptophan with the native enzyme.

Kinetics of allosteric enzymes.

Kinetics of proteinprotein association explained by Brownian dynamics computer simulation.

Kinetics of reduction of cytochrome c oxidase by dithionite and the effect of hydrogen peroxide.

Large scale model studies of apparent viscosity and erythrocyte velocity in capillaries.

Large scale modeling of blood flow in the capillaries.

Lateral mobility of integral proteins in red blood cell tethers.

Learning and evolution: a quantitative genetics approach.

Lemurs and macaques show similar numerical sensitivity.

Life table techniques for multiplecause mortality.

Likelihood ratios for continuous test resultsmaking the clinicians' job easier or harder?

Line spread response for a scintillation camera and movable filter plate system.

Linear algebraic transformations of the bidomain equations: implications for numerical methods.

Lipoprotein (a): purification and kinetic analysis.

Living in a physical world VI. Gravity and life in the air.

Longterm monitoring of bacteria undergoing programmed population control in a microchemostat.

Longitudinal models for chronic disease risk: an evaluation of logistic multiple regression and alternatives.

MR imaging contrast enhancement based on intermolecular zero quantum coherences.

Magnetic field resulting from action currents on cylindrical fibres.

Magnetic field stimulation of multicellular excitable tissue approximated by bidomain.

Massage therapy reduces anxiety and enhances EEG pattern of alertness and math computations.

Mathematical modeling: epidemiology meets systems biology.

Mathematical models of HIV pathogenesis.

Mathematical modifications fail to improve CPK estimates of extent of infarct.

Mathematics intervention for prevention of neurocognitive deficits in childhood leukemia.

Measurement of the elastic modulus for red cell membrane using a fluid mechanical technique.

Measurements of Sadenosylmethionine and Lhomocysteine metabolism in cultured human lymphoid cells.

Measuring numeracy without a math test: development of the Subjective Numeracy Scale.

Mechanical equilibrium of thick, hollow, liquid membrane cylinders.

Mechanical measurement of red cell membrane thickness.

Mechanically stimulated cytoskeleton rearrangement and cortical contraction in human neutrophils.

Mechanics of electrocompression of lipid bilayer membranes.

Mechanics of spermegg interaction at the zona pellucida.

Mechanism for catalysis and regulation of adenosine 5'triphosphate hydrolysis by chloroplast coupling factor 1.

Mechanism of nicotinamideadenine dinucleotide binding to rabbit muscle glyceraldehyde 3phosphate dehydrogenase.

Mechanism of timedependent inhibition of 5 alphareductases by delta 14azasteroids: toward perfection of rates of timedependent inhibition by using ligandbinding energies.

Mechanisms of usedependent block of sodium channels in excitable membranes by local anesthetics.

Membrane viscoelasticity.

Membrane viscoplastic flow.

Methods for evaluating the heterogeneity of aging processes in human populations using vital statistics data: explaining the black/white mortality crossover by a model of mortality selection.

Methods for measurement of body surface area.

Microcalorimetry: a tool for biochemical analysis.

Micropipette suction for measuring piconewton forces of adhesion and tether formation from neutrophil membranes.

Microtubule treadmilling in vitro investigated by fluorescence speckle and confocal microscopy.

Microvascular hematocrit and red cell flow in resting and contracting striated muscle.

Microwave power absorption differences between normal and malignant tissue.

Microwave refraction in the eye.

Microwavefielddriven acoustic modes in DNA.

Modeling electroporation in a single cell. I. Effects Of field strength and rest potential.

Modeling of sequestration and down regulation in cells containing beta2adrenergic receptors.

Modeling the Ames test.

Modeling the approximate number system to quantify the contribution of visual stimulus features.

Modeling the effects of electric fields on nerve fibers: determination of excitation thresholds.

Models for coronary pressureflow relationships.

Modification of a cylindrical bidomain model for cardiac tissue.

Modulation of the interbilayer hydration pressure by the addition of dipoles at the hydrocarbon/water interface.

Monaghan 225 ventilator use under hyperbaric conditions.

Monitoring renal transplants: an application of the multiprocess Kalman filter.

Monkeys match and tally quantities across senses.

Monkeys match the number of voices they hear to the number of faces they see.

Monotonic coding of numerosity in macaque lateral intraparietal area.

Monte Carlo evaluation of Compton scatter subtraction in single photon emission computed tomography.

Multilayer adsorption of lysozyme on a hydrophobic substrate.

Mössbauer evidence for exchangecoupled siroheme and [4Fe4S] prosthetic groups in Escherichia coli sulfite reductase. Studies of the reduced states and of a nitrite turnover complex.

Mössbauer studies of Escherichia coli sulfite reductase complexes with carbon monoxide and cyanide. Exchange coupling and intrinsic properties of the [4Fe4S] cluster.

Natural selection of memoryone strategies for the iterated prisoner's dilemma.

Neural activity during natural viewing of Sesame Street statistically predicts test scores in early childhood.

New destinations, new trajectories? The educational progress of Hispanic youth in North Carolina.

New measures of sperm motion. I. Adaptive smoothing and harmonic analysis.

Nonequilibrium mechanics of active cytoskeletal networks.

Nonverbal representation of time and number in adults.

Nuclear magnetic resonance study of ligand binding to Mnaspartate transcarbamylase.

Number sense in infancy predicts mathematical abilities in childhood.

Number trumps area for 7monthold infants.

Numerical simulation of the flow of highly viscous drops down a tapered tube.

Numerical subtraction in the pigeon: evidence for a linear subjective number scale.

Offcenter spherical model for dosimetry calculations in chick brain tissue.

On the asymmetry of frog retinal rod outer segment disk membranes.

On the character of an distance between states in a binary switching net.

On the evolution of genetic incompatibility systems. VI. A threelocus modifier model for the origin of gametophytic selfincompatibility.

Open Na+ channel blockade: multiple rest states revealed by channel interactions with disopyramide and quinidine.

Optimal sequence selection in proteins of known structure by simulated evolution.

Optimal timing, cutoff, and method of calculation of preoperative prostatespecific antigen velocity to predict relapse after prostatectomy: a report from SEARCH.

Oxygen binding by Limulus polyphemus hemocyanin: allosteric modulation by chloride ions.

Parental misinterpretations of overthecounter pediatric cough and cold medication labels.

Pathway analysis of protein electrontransfer reactions.

Pathways of folding of reduced bovine pancreatic ribonuclease.

Periodic conductivity as a mechanism for cardiac stimulation and defibrillation.

Pharmacokinetic analysis of twostep approaches using bifunctional and enzymeconjugated antibodies.

Phase I and clinical pharmacology study of trimetrexate administered weekly for three weeks.

Phase aberration correction using echo signals from moving targets. I: Description and theory.

Phaselifetime spectrophotometry of deoxycholatepurified bacteriorhodopsin reconstituted into asolectin vesicles.

Physical parameters of the anesthetic site.

Physical penumbra change of beam profile due to film digitization.

Pivotal role of aortic valve area calculation by the continuity equation for Doppler assessment of aortic stenosis in patients with combined aortic stenosis and regurgitation.

Planning in middle childhood: early predictors and later outcomes.

Plasticity of directional place fields in a model of rodent CA3.

Potential and current distributions in a cylindrical bundle of cardiac tissue.

Potential misinterpretation of the caseonly study to assess geneenvironment interaction.

Probing the renin active site by collisional quenching of endogenous fluorescence.

Propagating depolarization in anisotropic human and canine cardiac muscle: apparent directional differences in membrane capacitance. A simplified model for selective directional effects of modifying the sodium conductance on Vmax, tau foot, and the propagation safety factor.

Propagation in cardiac tissue adjacent to connective tissue: twodimensional modeling studies.

Propagation model using the DiFrancescoNoble equations. Comparison to reported experimental results.

Propagation of excitation in idealized anisotropic twodimensional tissue.

Propagation of fluctuations in biochemical systems, I: linear SSC networks.

Protein electron transfer rates set by the bridging secondary and tertiary structure.

Proton NMR of Escherichia coli sulfite reductase: the unligated hemeprotein subunit.

Pulmonary hemodynamic consequences of ECGsynchronized ventilation.

Pulmonary vascular impedance analysis of adaptation to chronically elevated blood flow in the awake dog.

Purposive behavior and cognitive mapping: a neural network model.

Quantitation of the effective right ventricular output in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum after placement of a right ventricular outflow patch and an aorticopulmonary shunt.

Quantitative analysis of variableangle total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (VATIRFM) of cell/substrate contacts.

Quantitative models of hybrid dysgenesis: rapid evolution under transposition, extrachromosomal inheritance, and fertility selection.

Quasielastic light scattering by biopolymers. Conformation of chromatin multimers.

Race and gender comparisons: I. Hemodynamic responses to a series of stressors.

Range and magnitude of the steric pressure between bilayers containing phospholipids with covalently attached poly(ethylene glycol).

Rapid correction of anemia with partial exchange transfusion.

Revisiting the competence/performance debate in the acquisition of the counting principles.

Realtime stereo 3D ultrasound.

Receptor biophysics and biochemistry. Enzymes.

Recombination and the evolution of diploidy.

Red cell extensional recovery and the determination of membrane viscosity.

Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatesulfite reductase of enterobacteria. V. Studies with the Escherichia coli hemoflavoprotein depleted of flavin mononucleotide: distinct roles for the flavin adenine dinucleotide and flavin mononucleotide prosthetic groups in catalysis.

Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatesulfite reductase of enterobacteria. VI. The reaction of carbon monoxide with the Escherichia coli holoenzyme, the hemoprotein, and free siroheme.

Reduction of conductancebased neuron models.

Refractory calculationinduced idiopathic generalized epilepsy: a case report and review of the literature.

Regional H2O2 concentration in rat brain after hyperoxic convulsions.

Regional diastolic mechanics of the left ventricle in the conscious dog.

Regional geometry and function during myocardial ischemia and recovery.

Regulation of human lymphocyte Sadenosylmethionine synthetase by product inhibition.

Relating epicardial to body surface potential distributions by means of transfer coefficients based on geometry measurements.

Relating extracellular potentials and their derivatives to anisotropic propagation at a microscopic level in human cardiac muscle. Evidence for electrical uncoupling of sidetoside fiber connections with increasing age.

Relative wall thickness analysis by twodimensional echocardiography.

Relaxation spectra of adenosine triphosphatecreatine phosphotransferase.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. I. Interaction of 5bromocytidine triphosphate with native enzyme and regulatory subunit.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. Interaction of the catalytic subunit with carbamyl phosphate, succinate, and Lmalate.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. Interaction of the native enzyme with an adenosine 5'triphosphate analog.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. Interaction of the native enzyme with aspartate analogs.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. Interaction of the native enzyme with carbamyl phosphate.

Relaxation spectra of aspartate transcarbamylase. Interaction of the native enzyme with cytidine 5'triphosphate.

Relaxation spectrometry of biological systems.

Repulsive interactions between uncharged bilayers. Hydration and fluctuation pressures for monoglycerides.

Response of a single cell to an external electric field.

Rheological properties of living cytoplasm: endoplasm of Physarum plasmodium.

Rhodamine 123 as a probe of transmembrane potential in isolated ratliver mitochondria: spectral and metabolic properties.

Rod outer segment structure influences the apparent kinetic parameters of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase.

Role of membrane curvature in mechanoelectrical transduction: ion carriers nonactin and valinomycin sense changes in integral bending energy.

Scaled medial axis representation: evidence from position discrimination task.

Sculpting proteins interactively: continual energy minimization embedded in a graphical modeling system.

Segmental cable evaluation of somatic transients in hippocampal neurons (CA1, CA3, and dentate).

Selection of the number and positions of measuring locations for electrocardiography.

Serial expertise of rhesus macaques.

Shoot structure and photosynthetic efficiency along the light gradient in a Scots pine canopy.

Signal discretization: a source of error in histograms of ion channel events.

Significant left ventricular contribution to right ventricular systolic function.

Simple models for community exposure from point sources of pollution.

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Principles and instrumentation.

Somatic hypermutation in B cells: an optimal control treatment.

Space, time, and number: a Kantian research program.

Spatial and frequencydomain ring source models for the singlemuscle fibre action potential.

Specific absorption rate in electrically coupled biological samples between metal plates.

Spontaneous analog number representations in 3yearold children.

Stability, instability in delay equations modeling human respiration.

Stable individual differences in number discrimination in infancy.

Standardization of Spirometry, 1994 Update. American Thoracic Society.

Statistical methods for twosequence threeperiod crossover designs with incomplete data.

Steady state kinetic studies of purified yeast plasma membrane protontranslocating ATPase.

Steady state kinetics of ATP synthesis and hydrolysis catalyzed by reconstituted chloroplast coupling factor.

Steady state variables in the guarded receptor hypothesis.

Steadystate kinetic study of fatty acid synthase from chicken liver.

Steadystate kinetic study of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.

Stochastic model for analysis of longitudinal data on aging and mortality.

Stoichiometry of sodium and potassium transport in erythrocytes from patients with myotonic muscular dystrophy.

Structural interpretation of the birefringence gradient in retinal rod outer segments.

Structural investigation of reconstituted chloroplast ATPase with fluorescence measurements.

Structural organization of chloroplast coupling factor.

Structural organization of the human insulin receptor ectodomain.

Structure and mechanical properties of giant lipid (DMPC) vesicle bilayers from 20 degrees C below to 10 degrees C above the liquid crystalcrystalline phase transition at 24 degrees C.

Structureactivity relationships of noreperidine congeners on cholinesterase systems in vitro and analgesia in vivo.

Student Learning Dispositions: Multidimensional Profiles Highlight Important Differences among Undergraduate STEM Honors Thesis Writers.

Surface adhesion, deformation and detachment at low shear of red cells and white cells.

Synergistic disaggregation of platelets by tissuetype plasminogen activator, prostaglandin E1, and nitroglycerin.

Systems approach to the study of drug transport across membranes using suspension culture of mammalian cells. V. Simultaneous poassive transport and biosynthesis.

T1rho imaging using magnetizationprepared projection encoding (MaPPE).

Technical note: outofplane angular correction based on a trigonometric function for use in twodimensional kinematic studies.

Temperaturejump study of the interaction of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase with adenylyl imidodiphosphate and adenosine 5'triphosphate.

Temporal evolution of traditional versus transformed ECGbased indexes in patients with induced myocardial ischemia.

Test of the EpsteinPlesset model for gas microparticle dissolution in aqueous media: effect of surface tension and gas undersaturation in solution.

The closed form solution to the periodic coreconductor model using asymptotic analysis.

The deformational characteristics of the left ventricle in the conscious dog.

The development of ordinal numerical competence in young children.

The development of ordinal numerical knowledge in infancy.

The difficulties of representing continuous extent in infancy: using number is just easier.

The dissociation of catecholamine and hypothalamicpituitaryadrenal responses to daily stressors using dexamethasone.

The effect of electrical coupling on the frequency of model neuronal oscillators.

The effect of numeracy level on completeness of home blood pressure monitoring.

The effects of health histories on stochastic process models of aging and mortality.

The family routines inventory: development and validation.

The feeding biomechanics and dietary ecology of Paranthropus boisei.

The filtration characteristics of the aqueous outflow system.

The fourelectrode resistivity technique as applied to cardiac muscle.

The global stoichiometry of litter nitrogen mineralization.

The impact of heterogeneity in individual frailty on the dynamics of mortality.

The independence of language and mathematical reasoning.

The kinetics of intramolecular distribution of 15N in uric acid after administration of (15N) glycine. A reappraisal of the significance of preferential labeling of N(3+9) of uric acid in primary gout.

The kinetics of intramolecular distribution of 15N in uric acid following administration of 15Nglycine: preferential labeling of N(3+9) of uric acid in primary gout and a reappraisal of the "glutamine hypothesis".

The lamellar structure of nerve myelin after rehydration.

The nature of sources of bioelectric and biomagnetic fields.

The nature of the nitric oxide complexes of lipoxygenase.

The ontogeny and growth of the human tentorium cerebelli.

The relationship between enzymatic and histologic estimates of the extent of myocardial infarction in conscious dogs with permanent coronary occlusion.

The representation of numerical magnitude.

The retinal arteriole to venule ratio: informative or deceptive?

The role of reference points in ordinal numerical comparisons by rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).

The role of subunit entropy in cooperative assembly. Nucleation of microtubules and other twodimensional polymers.

The secretory granule matrixelectrolyte interface: a homologue of the pn rectifying junction.

The stoichiometry and kinetics of the inducible cysteine desulfhydrase from Salmonella typhimurium.

The structure of food webs.

The viscosity of neutrophils and their transit times through small pores.

Theoretical analysis of radioactivity profiles during fast axonal transport: effects of deposition and turnover.

Theoretical and measured electric field distributions within an annular phased array: consideration of source antennas.

Theoretical characterization of ion channel blockade. Competitive binding to periodically accessible receptors.

Theoretical characterization of ion channel blockade: ligand binding to periodically accessible receptors.

Thermodynamic limits to the ATP/site stoichiometries of oxidative phosphorylation by rat liver mitochondria.

Thermodynamic parameters governing interaction of EcoRI endonuclease with specific and nonspecific DNA sequences.

Thermodynamics of hexokinase catalyzed reactions. II. Measurement and calculation of enthalpies of reaction as a function of magnesium ion concentration.

Thermodynamics of hexokinasecatalyzed reactions.

Thermodynamics of the hydrolysis of adenosine 5'triphosphate to adenosine 5'diphosphate.

Thinlayer methods for determination of oxygen binding curves of hemoglobin solutions and blood.

Threedimensional arm movements at constant equiaffine speed.

Threedimensional modeling, estimation, and fault diagnosis of spacecraft air contaminants.

Threedimensional structures of Cphycocyanin and Bphycoerythrin at 5A resolution.

Threshold variability in fibers with field stimulation of excitable membranes.

Time dependence of airways and lung parenchymal recoil hysteresis.

Timedependent recovery of passive neutrophils after large deformation.

Timeofflight MR flow imaging: selective saturation recovery with gradient refocusing.

Total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy. I. Modelling cell contact region fluorescence.

Towards a genetic theory for the evolution of the sex ratio. III. Parental and sibling control of brood investment ratio under partial sibmating.

Toxicity, elimination, and metabolism of 10ethyl10deazaaminopterin in rats and dogs.

Training the approximate number system improves math proficiency.

Transient finite element analysis of thermal methods used to estimate SAR and blood flow in homogeneously and nonhomogeneously perfused tumour models.

Truncation artifact reduction in transmission CT for improved SPECT attenuation compensation.

Two models for transforming auditory signals from headcentered to eyecentered coordinates.

U.S. cancer mortality 19501978: a strategy for analyzing spatial and temporal patterns.

Ultrasonic examination of the siliconefilled eye: theoretical and practical considerations.

Understanding the role of numeracy in health: proposed theoretical framework and practical insights.

Uniaxial loading of the redcell membrane.

Use of a specific probe for ovalbumin messenger RNA to quantitate estrogeninduced gene transcripts.

Vasodilator therapy in acute myocardial infarction. A comparison of sodium nitroprusside and nitroglycerin.

Vestibular signals carried by pathways subserving plasticity of the vestibuloocular reflex in monkeys.

Viscous flow of cytoplasm and red cell membrane: membrane recovery and tether contraction.

Visual homing using an associative memory.

Wavelet formation in excitable cardiac tissue: the role of wavefrontobstacle interactions in initiating highfrequency fibrillatorylike arrhythmias.

Wavelet variations on the Shannon sampling theorem.

Weber's Law influences numerical representations in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).

Why are angles misperceived?

Writingtolearn in undergraduate science education: a communitybased, conceptually driven approach.

Young children bet on their numerical skills: metacognition in the numerical domain.

pKa does not predict pH potentiation of sodium channel blockade by lidocaine and W6211 in guinea pig ventricular myocardium.

Keywords of People

An, Chen,
Student,
Mathematics

Bennett, Vann,
George Barth Geller Distinguished Professor of Molecular Biology,
Duke Cancer Institute

Charles, Hal Cecil,
Associate Professor of Radiology,
Radiology

Cianciolo, George James,
Associate Professor in Pathology,
Pathology

Clotfelter, Charles T.,
Z. Smith Reynolds Distinguished Professor of Public Policy Studies,
Economics

Colsher, James George,
Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Radiology,
Radiology

Craciunescu, Oana,
Professor of Radiation Oncology,
Radiation Oncology

Dement, John McCray,
Professor Emeritus in Family Medicine and Community Health,
Family Medicine & Community Health,Occupational & Environmental Medicine

Erickson, Harold Paul,
James B. Duke Distinguished Professor of Cell Biology,
Cell Biology

Ladd, Helen F.,
Susan B. King Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Public Policy,
Economics

Smith, David A.,
Associate Professor Emeritus of Mathematics,
Mathematics