Revisiting the Rock: Tsur as a Translation of Elohim in LXX Deut and Beyond. August 31, 2011


Invited Lectures ; This paper challenges the conventional view that the Septuagint translator had a Hebrew text identical with the Leningrad Codex before him in those places where the Hebrew word Tsur = Rock was used as a metaphor for the God of Israel, and chose to make explict the meaning of the metaphor. Beginning in Deuteronomy 32:4 and in every other instance the LXX consistently reflects the Hebrew Elohim = God. I argue that the Hebrew behind the Septuagint reading is prior to that later accepted as the received text.

Service Performed By


  • August 31, 2011

Location or Venue

  • Stellenbosch, South Africa