Functional single nucleotide polymorphisms of the RASSF3 gene and susceptibility to squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
BACKGROUND: RASSF3 suppresses tumour formation through uncertain mechanisms, but it is an important gene of p53-dependent apoptosis. RASSF3 depletion impairs DNA repair after DNA damage, leading to polyploidy. The authors hypothesised that potential functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of RASSF3 are associated with risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). METHODS: The authors used a functional SNP approach to evaluate the associations between common (minor allele frequency⩾0.05), putative functional variants in RASSF3 and risk of SCCHN. Four selected such functional SNPs (rs6581580 T>G, rs7313765 G>A, rs12311754 G>C and rs1147098 T>C) in RASSF3 were identified and genotyped in 1087 patients and 1090 cancer-free controls in a non-Hispanic white population. RESULTS: The authors found that two SNPs were significantly associated with SCCHN risk. Carriers of the variant rs6581580G and rs7313765A alleles were at a reduced SCCHN risk, compared with the corresponding common homozygotes [adjusted odds ratio (OR)=0.75 and 0.73 and 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.62-0.91 and 0.60-0.88, respectively, for dominant models; and Ptrend=0.012 and 0.041, respectively, for additive models], particularly for non-oropharyngeal tumours (adjusted OR=0.68 and 0.60 and 95% CI=0.53-0.86 and 0.47-0.77, respectively, for dominant models). In the genotype-phenotype correlation analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 102 cancer-free controls, the rs6581580 GG genotype was associated with significantly increased expression levels of RASSF3 mRNA (P=0.038), compared with the TT genotype. Additional functional experiments further showed that variant G allele of rs6581580 had a significantly stronger binding affinity to the nuclear protein extracts than the T allele. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these findings indicate that the RASSF3 promoter rs6581580 T>G SNP is potentially functional, modulating susceptibility to SCCHN among non-Hispanic whites. Larger replication studies are needed to confirm our findings.
Guo, H; Liu, H; Wei, J; Li, Y; Yu, H; Guan, X; Li-E, W; Li, G; Sturgis, EM; Wei, Q; Liu, Z
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