Addiction, drinking behavior, and driving under the influence.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Using a survey of drinkers (N = 1,634), we evaluated alternative explanations of heavy and binge drinking, driving under the influence (DUI), DUI arrests, speeding citations, and chargeable accidents. Explanations included socializing, short-term decision-making, unrealistic optimism, risk preferring behavior, and addiction. Most consistent relationships were between substance use and alcohol addiction and dependent variables for (1) binge drinking and (2) DUI episodes. Respondent characteristics (age, marital and employment status, race, etc.) had important roles for DUI arrests. Drinker-drivers and those arrested for DUI are partially overlapping groups with implications for treatment and policies detecting and incapacitating persons from drinking and driving.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sloan, FA; Eldred, LM; Davis, DV

Published Date

  • May 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 49 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 661 - 676

PubMed ID

  • 24304171

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3976702

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-2491

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1082-6084

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/10826084.2013.858167


  • eng