Design of a soft orbit bump for FEL mirror protection at duke FEL/HIGS facility
In an oscillator Free-Electron Laser (FEL) with a high energy electron beam, it is critical to minimize harmful high-energy radiation on the downstream FEL mirror in order to increase its lifetime. At the High Intensity Gammaray Source (HIGS) facility at Duke University, effort has been devoted to developing a variety of techniques to reduce the amount of radiation on the FEL mirror. One of the most effective methods was the use of a set of adjustable in-vacuum apertures to block harmonic radiation from FEL wigglers. In recent studies, it was determined that the edge radiation from the end-of-the-arc bending magnet is a main source of EUV and soft x-ray radiation which causes mirror damage. To mitigate this effect, a soft orbit bump is designed to change the displacement and angle of the electron beam around the end-of-the-arc area. This soft orbit bump is developed using the multi-objective optimization technique. Calculation shows the soft orbit bump can significantly reduce the flux of high energy photons on the FEL mirror. Study will be performed to determine the impact of this orbit bump on the injection, beam lifetime, and the FEL and gamma-ray operation at HIGS facility. Copyright © 2013 by JACoW.
Hao, H; Mikhailov, SF; Li, J; Wu, YK
IPAC 2013: Proceedings of the 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference
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