Current evidence on treatment of patients with chronic systolic heart failure and renal insufficiency: practical considerations from published data.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly prevalent in patients with chronic systolic heart failure. Therefore, evidence-based therapies are more and more being used in patients with some degree of renal dysfunction. However, most pivotal randomized clinical trials specifically excluded patients with (severe) renal dysfunction. The benefit of these evidence-based therapies in this high-risk patient group is largely unknown. This paper reviews data from randomized clinical trials in systolic heart failure and the interactions between baseline renal dysfunction and the effect of randomized treatment. It highlights that most evidence-based therapies show consistent outcome benefit in patients with moderate renal insufficiency (stage 3 CKD), whereas there are very scarce data on patients with severe (stage 4 to 5 CKD) renal insufficiency. If any, the outcome benefit might be even greater in stage 3 CKD compared with those with relatively preserved renal function. However, prescription of therapies should be individualized with consideration of possible harm and benefit, especially in those with stage 4 to 5 CKD where limited data are available.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Damman, K; Tang, WHW; Felker, GM; Lassus, J; Zannad, F; Krum, H; McMurray, JJV

Published Date

  • March 11, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 63 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 853 - 871

PubMed ID

  • 24334210

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24334210

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.11.031

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States