Identification of prohibitin and prohibiton as novel factors binding to the p53 induced gene 3 (PIG3) promoter (TGYCC)(15) motif.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
The promoter of p53 induced gene 3 (PIG3) contains a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) of pentanucleotides (TGYCC)n that is known as a p53 binding site. In this study, we investigated whether other potential molecules could bind to this PIG3 promoter (TGYCC)n motif. Ligand-chromatography combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analyses indicated direct interactions of prohibitin and/or prohibiton with the (TGYCC)15 motif, which was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and super-gel shift analysis with anti-prohibitin and anti-prohibiton antibodies. Using the chromatin immunopercipipation assay, we further demonstrated that prohibitin and prohibiton associated with the (TGYCC)15 motif in vivo regardless of the p53 status and apoptotic stress. We also found that prohibitin and prohibiton up-regulated PIG3 transcription independent of p53, although p53 obviously enhanced this process, and that the knock-down of prohibitin and prohibiton inhibited camptothecin-induced apoptosis. Taken together, our findings suggest that prohibitin and prohibiton contribute to PIG3-mediated apoptosis by binding to the PIG3 promoter (TGYCC)15 motif.
- Guan, X; Liu, Z; Wang, L; Johnson, DG; Wei, Q
- January 24, 2014
Volume / Issue
- 443 / 4
Start / End Page
- 1239 - 1244
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States