Cost effectiveness of abciximab during routine medical practice.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE:To estimate the cost per ischaemic event (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, subsequent revascularisation procedure) avoided at 6 months in high risk patients undergoing coronary revascularisation treated with abciximab during routine medical care. DESIGN:Retrospective, matched cohort design. SETTING:University teaching hospital. PATIENTS:62 abciximab-treated patients and 62 patients not treated with abciximab with high risk coronary lesions were matched according to gender, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and stenting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Using a third-party payer's perspective, an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was computed as the cost per ischaemic event avoided over 6 months. Fieller's theorem was used to estimate confidence sets and confidence ellipses were generated to visually represent the variability in the data. RESULTS:At 6 months, abciximab-treated patients experienced an approximately 40% lower rate of ischaemic events (16.1 vs 27.4%; p = 0.128). The point estimate of the ICER was $US21,789 per ischaemic event avoided. Fieller's theorem resulted in a 95% confidence set consisting of 2 half-lines (-infinity to -$US115,461) and ($US391 to +infinity), reflecting the finding that the ICER denominator was not significantly different from zero at the p = 0.05 level. CONCLUSIONS:In high risk patients treated during routine care, the effectiveness of abciximab was consistent with efficacy rates from clinical trials. However, abciximab-treated patients remained approximately $US2400 more costly at 6 months.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reed, SO; Mullins, CD; Magder, LS

Published Date

  • September 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 265 - 274

PubMed ID

  • 11147393

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11147393

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1179-2027

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1170-7690

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2165/00019053-200018030-00006

Language

  • eng