Concentration-related effects of nitric oxide and endothelin-1 on human trabecular meshwork cell contractility.
The contractility status of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells influences aqueous humor outflow resistance and intraocular pressure. Using human TM cells as a model, the goal of the present study was to examine concentration-response relationships of two prototypical molecules, nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), known to differentially influence vascular smooth muscle contractility. Efficacy of ET-1, two NO donors (DETA-NO and SNP) and a cGMP analog (8-Br-cGMP) were assessed using two complementary methods: functionally in a gel contraction assay and biochemically using a myosin light chain phosphorylation assay. The NO donors DETA-NO and SNP dose dependently relaxed cultured human TM cells (EC50 for DETA-NO = 6.0 ± 2.4 μM, SNP = 12.6 ± 8.8 μM), with maximum effects at 100 μM. Interestingly, at concentrations of NO donors above 100 μM, the relaxing effect was lost. Relaxation caused by DETA-NO (100 μM) was dose dependently blocked by the soluble guanylate cyclase specific inhibitor ODQ (IC50 = 460 ± 190 nM). In contrast to the NO donors, treatment of cells with the cGMP analog, 8-Br-cGMP produced the largest relaxation (109.4%) that persisted at high concentrations (EC50 = 110 ± 40 μM). ET-1 caused a dose-dependent contraction of human TM cells (EC50 = 1.5 ± 0.5 pM), with maximum effect at 100 pM (56.1%) and this contraction was reversed by DETA-NO (100 μM). Consistent with functional data, phosphorylation status of myosin light chain was dose dependently reduced with DETA-NO, and increased with ET-1. Together, data show that TM cells rapidly change their contractility status over a wide dynamic range, well suited for the regulation of outflow resistance and intraocular pressure.
Dismuke, WM; Liang, J; Overby, DR; Stamer, WD
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