Laboratory blood tests useful in monitoring renal function in neonates.
It is important to monitor renal function in the neonate, especially in premature infants where nephrogenesis is still in process upon birth. The kidneys are responsible for maintaining homeostasis in the extracellular environment by preventing overaccumulation of waste products and electrolytes. This review describes developmental physiology of the renal system as well as laboratory testing to monitor renal function and glomerular filtration in neonates. Drugs that may affect renal function in infants are also discussed.
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