GWAS-identified colorectal cancer susceptibility locus associates with disease prognosis.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: Extensive evidence has suggested that risk factors of cancer development may also modulate cancer clinical outcome. Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) predisposing to colorectal cancer (CRC). Given the pivotal importance of these variants in CRC, we sought to evaluate their associations with clinical outcomes of the disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In a well-characterised cohort including 380 Chinese CRC patients, we genotyped seven SNPs identified in previous multi-stage GWA studies and analysed their associations with patient recurrence and survival. RESULTS: One SNP on chromosome 15q13, rs4779584 was associated with reduced risk of death with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.33 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.15-0.72, P = 0.007). Another SNP in a gene-desert region on chromosome 10p14, rs10795668, was associated with a reduced risk of recurrence with an HR of 0.55 (95% CI 0.30-1.00, P = 0.05). In a stratified analysis, this association was only evident in patients receiving chemotherapy (HR = 0.32, 95% CI 0.14-0.78, P = 0.01, log rank P = 0.004), but not in those without chemotherapy (HR = 1.08, 95% CI 0.43-2.73, P = 0.87, log rank P = 0.66). Moreover, we found that the effects of chemotherapy on CRC recurrence was only evident in patients with the variant-containing genotypes (HR = 0.35, 95% CI 0.13-0.94, P = 0.04) but not in those with the wild-type genotype of rs10795668. Further analyses indicated a borderline significant interaction effect (P interaction = 0.05) between rs10795668 and chemotherapy on patient recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggested that rs10795668, a CRC susceptibility variant identified by GWA studies, might be used as a biomarker to identify CRC patients with high risk of recurrence after chemotherapy.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Xing, J; Myers, RE; He, X; Qu, F; Zhou, F; Ma, X; Hyslop, T; Bao, G; Wan, S; Yang, H; Chen, Z

Published Date

  • July 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1699 - 1707

PubMed ID

  • 21402474

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21402474

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0852

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.02.004

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England