Intention to be tested for prostate cancer risk among African-American men.
This study was conducted to identify factors associated with intention to be tested for prostate cancer risk among African-American men. Participants in this study included African-American men (n = 548) who were patients at the University Health Service at the University of Chicago, were 40 to 70 years of age, and did not have a personal history of prostate cancer. Baseline telephone survey data were collected for 413 (75%) men. Respondents were asked if they intended to have a blood test to assess prostate cancer risk. Univariate and multivariate analyses of intention to be tested for risk were performed. Eighty-six percent of the men said that they intended to be tested. Multivariate analysis results show that belief in the efficacy of prostate cancer screening [odds ratio (OR) = 3.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4, 9.1] and intention to undergo a prostate cancer-screening (i.e., digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen testing; OR = 2.8; 95% CI = 1.3, 6.3) were positively associated with intention to be tested for prostate cancer risk. Being older (OR = 0.4; 95% CI = 0.2, 0.9), having had a prostate cancer-screening examination in the past year (OR = 0.5; 95% CI = 0.2, 1.0), perceiving one's prostate cancer susceptibility to be high (OR = 0.4; 95% CI = 0.2, 0.8), and being fatalistic about prostate cancer prevention (OR = 0.3; 95% CI = 0.2, 0.7) were negatively associated with intention to be tested for risk. Intention to be tested for prostate cancer risk was high among men in the study. Past screening, perceived susceptibility, and beliefs related to early detection might influence receptivity to genetic testing for prostate cancer risk.
Myers, RE; Hyslop, T; Jennings-Dozier, K; Wolf, TA; Burgh, DY; Diehl, JA; Lerman, C; Chodak, GW
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