Pathways of Peer Relationships from Childhood to Young Adulthood.


Journal Article

This study examined trajectories of peer social preference during childhood and personality assessed in early adolescence in relation to trajectories of friendship quality during early adulthood. Participants (N = 585) were followed from age 5 to age 23. At ages 5 to 8, peers provided sociometric nominations; at age 12 participants reported their own personality characteristics; from age 19 to 23 participants rated their friendship quality. Latent growth modeling revealed that trajectories characterized by high levels of childhood peer social preference were related to trajectories characterized by high levels of early adulthood friendship quality. Early adolescent personality characterized by extraversion and conscientiousness predicted higher friendship quality at age 19, and conscientiousness predicted change in friendship quality from age 19 to 23. This study demonstrates that peer relationships show continuity from childhood to early adulthood and that qualities of core personality are linked to the development of adult friendships.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lansford, JE; Yu, T; Pettit, GS; Bates, JE; Dodge, KA

Published Date

  • March 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 111 - 117

PubMed ID

  • 24948845

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24948845

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0193-3973

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.appdev.2013.12.002


  • eng