The c-FLIPL cleavage product p43FLIP promotes activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), and caspase-8 and T cell survival.

Published

Journal Article

Caspase-8 is now appreciated to govern both apoptosis following death receptor ligation and cell survival and growth via inhibition of the Ripoptosome. Cells must therefore carefully regulate the high level of caspase-8 activity during apoptosis versus the modest levels observed during cell growth. The caspase-8 paralogue c-FLIP is a good candidate for a molecular rheostat of caspase-8 activity. c-FLIP can inhibit death receptor-mediated apoptosis by competing with caspase-8 for recruitment to FADD. However, full-length c-FLIPL can also heterodimerize with caspase-8 independent of death receptor ligation and activate caspase-8 via an activation loop in the C terminus of c-FLIPL. This triggers cleavage of c-FLIPL at Asp-376 by caspase-8 to produce p43FLIP. The continued function of p43FLIP has, however, not been determined. We demonstrate that acute deletion of endogenous c-FLIP in murine effector T cells results in loss of caspase-8 activity and cell death. The lethality and caspase-8 activity can both be rescued by the transgenic expression of p43FLIP. Furthermore, p43FLIP associates with Raf1, TRAF2, and RIPK1, which augments ERK and NF-κB activation, IL-2 production, and T cell proliferation. Thus, not only is c-FLIP the initiator of caspase-8 activity during T cell activation, it is also an initial caspase-8 substrate, with cleaved p43FLIP serving to both stabilize caspase-8 activity and promote activation of pathways involved with T cell growth.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Koenig, A; Buskiewicz, IA; Fortner, KA; Russell, JQ; Asaoka, T; He, Y-W; Hakem, R; Eriksson, JE; Budd, RC

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 289 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 1183 - 1191

PubMed ID

  • 24275659

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24275659

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m113.506428

Language

  • eng