Conditional knockout of the RNA-binding protein HuR in CD4⁺ T cells reveals a gene dosage effect on cytokine production.

Journal Article

The posttranscriptional mechanisms by which RNA binding proteins (RBPs) regulate T-cell differentiation and cytokine production in vivo remain unclear. The RBP HuR binds to labile mRNAs, usually leading to increases in mRNA stability and/or translation. Previous work demonstrated that HuR binds to the mRNAs encoding the Th2 transcription factor trans-acting T-cell-specific transcription factor (GATA-3) and Th2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13, thereby regulating their expression. By using a novel conditional HuR knockout (KO) mouse in which HuR is deleted in activated T cells, we show that Th2-polarized cells from heterozygous HuR conditional (OX40-Cre HuR(fl/+)) KO mice had decreased steady-state levels of Gata3, Il4 and Il13 mRNAs with little changes at the protein level. Surprisingly, Th2-polarized cells from homozygous HuR conditional (OX40-Cre HuR(fl/fl)) KO mice showed increased Il2, Il4 and Il13 mRNA and protein via different mechanisms. Specifically, Il4 was transcriptionally upregulated in HuR KO T cells, whereas Il2 and Il13 mRNA stabilities increased. Additionally, when using the standard ovalbumin model of allergic airway inflammation, HuR conditional KO mice mounted a robust inflammatory response similar to mice with wild-type HuR levels. These results reveal a complex differential posttranscriptional regulation of cytokines by HuR in which gene dosage plays an important role. These findings may have significant implications in allergies and asthma, as well as autoimmune diseases and infection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gubin, MM; Techasintana, P; Magee, JD; Dahm, GM; Calaluce, R; Martindale, JL; Whitney, MS; Franklin, CL; Besch-Williford, C; Hollingsworth, JW; Abdelmohsen, K; Gorospe, M; Atasoy, U

Published Date

  • March 20, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 /

Start / End Page

  • 93 - 108

PubMed ID

  • 24477678

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-3658

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-1551

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2119/molmed.2013.00127

Language

  • eng