In vitro electrophoresis and in vivo electrophysiology of peripheral nerve using DC field stimulation.
BACKGROUND: Given the movement of molecules within tissue that occurs naturally by endogenous electric fields, we examined the possibility of using a low-voltage DC field to move charged substances in rodent peripheral nerve in vitro. NEW METHOD: Labeled sugar- and protein-based markers were applied to a rodent peroneal nerve and then a 5-10 V/cm field was used to move the molecules within the extra- and intraneural compartments. Physiological and anatomical nerve properties were also assessed using the same stimulation in vivo. RESULTS: We demonstrate in vitro that charged and labeled compounds are capable of moving in a DC field along a nerve, and that the same field applied in vivo changes the excitability of the nerve, but without damage. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that low-voltage electrophoresis could be used to move charged molecules, perhaps therapeutically, safely along peripheral nerves.
Madison, RD; Robinson, GA; Krarup, C; Moldovan, M; Li, Q; Wilson, WA
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