Reconstruction of scalp wounds with exposed calvarium using a local flap and a split-thickness skin graft: case series of 20 patients.
OBJECTIVES: To describe the design, execution, outcomes, and advantages of a combined flap and split-thickness skin graft reconstructive technique for the repair of wounds of the scalp with exposed bone after Mohs micrographic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analysis of the combined flap and graft technique of 20 scalp defects ranging in size from 6.25 to 37.6 cm(2) is provided. Surgical defects and patient characteristics are described. Follow-up information is reviewed, and complications and final aesthetic results are reported. RESULTS: Twenty patients with 20 tumors on the scalp (16 squamous cell carcinoma, 2 basal cell carcinoma, 1 Merkel cell carcinoma, and 1 malignant fibrous histiocytoma) were treated using Mohs micrographic surgery. A combined flap and graft technique was successfully employed with good aesthetic outcomes in all 20 patients with broad scalp defects. One postoperative complication of approximately 20% skin graft necrosis was noted. One methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus postoperative wound infection occurred but resolved without sequelae with appropriate antibiotic treatment. CONCLUSION: The described flap and graft reconstructive technique is a reproducible, one-stage procedure for the reconstruction of medium to large scalp defects with exposed bone, obviating the need for more-complicated, costly, time-consuming procedures. LIMITATIONS: Small sample size, descriptive study.
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