Childrearing Violence and Child Adjustment Following Exposure to Kenyan Post-election Violence.


Journal Article

OBJECTIVE:This study examines parents' and children's exposure to short-term political violence and the relation between childrearing violence and child adjustment following widespread violence that erupted in Kisumu, Kenya after the disputed presidential election in December 2007. METHOD:Mothers of 100 Luo children (mean age = 8.46 years, 61% female) reported on their own use of childrearing violence at Time 1, approximately 4 months after the disputed election, and again at Times 2 (n = 95) and 3 (n = 95), approximately 12 and 24 months later, respectively. At Time 2, mothers reported about post-election violence directed at them and about their children's exposure to post-election violence. Children reported about their own externalizing behaviors at Times 1, 2, and 3. RESULTS:Children's exposure to post-election violence was related to Time 2 externalizing behavior, and childrearing violence at Time 1 predicted child externalizing behavior at Time 2. Exposure to post-election violence was not directly related to either childrearing violence or children's externalizing behavior by Time 3, although children's externalizing at Time 2 predicted more childrearing violence at Time 3. CONCLUSION:These results support earlier work that links childrearing violence and children's exposure to political violence with increases in child externalizing behavior, but examined these links in the under-studied area of short-term political violence. Even though sudden and severe political violence may subside significantly in weeks or months, increased attention to long-term effects on parenting and child adjustment is warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Skinner, AT; Oburu, P; Lansford, JE; Bacchini, D

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 37 - 50

PubMed ID

  • 24639914

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24639914

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2152-081X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2152-0828

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/a0033237


  • eng