Barriers reported among patients with breast and cervical abnormalities in the patient navigation research program: impact on timely care.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Patient navigation (PN) is a system-level strategy to decrease cancer mortality rates by reducing barriers to cancer care. Barriers to resolution among participants in the PN intervention arm with a breast or cervical abnormality in the Patient Navigation Research Program and navigators' actions to address those barriers were examined. METHODS: Data from seven institutions (2005-2010) included 1,995 breast and 1,194 cervical patients. A stratified Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to examine the effects of barriers on time to resolution of an abnormal screening test or clinical finding. FINDINGS: The range of unique barriers was 0 to 12 and 0 to 7 among participants with breast and cervical abnormalities, respectively. About two thirds of breast and one half of cervical participants had at least one barrier resulting in longer time to diagnostic resolution among breast (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.744; p < .001) and cervical (adjusted HR, 0.792; p < .001) participants. Patient- and system-level barriers were most common. Frequent navigator actions were making arrangements, scheduling appointments, referrals, and education. CONCLUSIONS: Having a barrier resulted in a delay in diagnostic resolution of an abnormal screening test or clinical finding. Health care systems can use these findings to improve existing PN programs or when developing new programs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Katz, ML; Young, GS; Reiter, PL; Battaglia, TA; Wells, KJ; Sanders, M; Simon, M; Dudley, DJ; Patierno, SR; Paskett, ED

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 1

Start / End Page

  • e155 - e162

PubMed ID

  • 24439942

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24439942

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-4321

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.whi.2013.10.010

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States