Socioeconomic Correlates of Obesity in African-American and Caribbean-Black Men and Women.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The high prevalence of obesity among Black Americans warrants additional investigation into its relationship with socioeconomic position (SEP), sex, and ethnicity. This cross-sectional study utilizes 2001-2003 data from the National Survey of American Life, a nationally representative sample of 3570 African-Americans and 1621 Caribbean-Blacks aged 18 years and older. Multivariate logistic regression models stratified by ethnicity and sex describe the independent associations between obesity and multilevel socioeconomic factors after adjustment for age, other SEP measures at the individual, family and neighborhood levels, and health behaviors such as physical activity, alcohol intake, and smoking. A positive relationship was observed between obesity and family income among African-American and Caribbean-Black men. Receipt of public assistance was a strongly associated factor for obesity in Caribbean-Black men and women. Among African-American women, inverse relationships were observed between obesity and education, occupation, and family income; residence within a neighborhood with a supermarket also decreased their odds of obesity. Residence in a neighborhood with a park decreased the odds of obesity only among African-American men, whereas residence in a neighborhood with a supermarket decreased the odds of obesity among Caribbean-Black men. The social patterning of obesity by individual, household, and neighborhood socioeconomic resources differs for African-American and Caribbean-Black men and women within these cross-sectional analyses; an appreciation of these differences may be a prerequisite for developing effective weight control interventions and policies for these two populations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barrington, DS; James, SA; Williams, DR

Published Date

  • April 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 422 - 432

PubMed ID

  • 32623661

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7335224

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2196-8837

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2197-3792

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s40615-020-00798-4


  • eng