A Review of Human Herpesvirus 8, the Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus, in the Pediatric Population.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus, is the etiologic agent responsible for all types of KS. Although the majority of pediatric KS cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa, a rise in pediatric transplant KS has been reported in developed countries. In addition, HHV-8 is increasingly described as an infectious cause of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in children. Transmission of HHV-8 among children is poorly understood; however, the literature strongly suggests that horizontal transmission plays a critical role. Acute infection with HHV-8 and progression to KS in children may be different than in adults, and diagnosis may be overlooked. Currently, neither adult nor pediatric treatment guidelines exist. This review provides an overview of HHV-8 disease in children as it relates to epidemic KS, transplant KS, and other disease manifestations. The current state of the literature is reviewed and knowledge gaps are identified for future exploration.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dow, DE; Cunningham, CK; Buchanan, AM

Published Date

  • March 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 66 - 76

PubMed ID

  • 24567845

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24567845

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2048-7207

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/jpids/pit051

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England