MIG-10 (lamellipodin) has netrin-independent functions and is a FOS-1A transcriptional target during anchor cell invasion in C. elegans.
To transmigrate basement membrane, cells must coordinate distinct signaling activities to breach and pass through this dense extracellular matrix barrier. Netrin expression and activity are strongly associated with invasion in developmental and pathological processes, but how netrin signaling is coordinated with other pathways during invasion is poorly understood. Using the model of anchor cell (AC) invasion in C. elegans, we have previously shown that the integrin receptor heterodimer INA-1/PAT-3 promotes netrin receptor UNC-40 (DCC) localization to the invasive cell membrane of the AC. UNC-6 (netrin)/UNC-40 interactions generate an invasive protrusion that crosses the basement membrane. To understand how UNC-40 signals during invasion, we have used genetic, site of action and live-cell imaging studies to examine the roles of known effectors of UNC-40 signaling in axon outgrowth during AC invasion. UNC-34 (Ena/VASP), the Rac GTPases MIG-2 and CED-10 and the actin binding protein UNC-115 (abLIM) are dedicated UNC-40 effectors that are recruited to the invasive membrane by UNC-40 and generate F-actin. MIG-10 (lamellipodin), an effector of UNC-40 in neurons, however, has independent functions from UNC-6/UNC-40. Furthermore, unlike other UNC-40 effectors, its expression is regulated by FOS-1A, a transcription factor that promotes basement membrane breaching. Similar to UNC-40, however, MIG-10 localization to the invasive cell membrane is also dependent on the integrin INA-1/PAT-3. These studies indicate that MIG-10 has distinct functions from UNC-40 signaling in cell invasion, and demonstrate that integrin coordinates invasion by localizing these molecules to the cell-basement membrane interface.
Wang, Z; Chi, Q; Sherwood, DR
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