Optimization and validation of a neutralizing antibody assay for HIV-1 in A3R5 cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A3R5 is a human CD4(+) lymphoblastoid cell line that was engineered to express CCR5 and is useful for the detection of weak neutralizing antibody responses against tier 2 strains of HIV-1. Here we describe the optimization and validation of the HIV-1 neutralizing antibody assay that utilizes A3R5 cells, performed in compliance with Good Clinical Laboratory Practice (GCLP) guidelines. The assay utilizes Renilla luciferase-expressing replication competent infectious molecular clones (IMC) encoding heterologous env genes from different HIV-1 clades. Key assay validation parameters tested included specificity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection and quantitation, specificity, linearity and range, and robustness. Plasma samples demonstrated higher non-specific activity than serum samples in the A3R5 assay. This assay can tolerate a wide range of virus input but is more sensitive to cell concentration. The higher sensitivity of the A3R5 assay in neutralization responses to tier 2 strains of HIV-1 makes it complementary to, but not a substitute for the TZM-bl assay. The validated A3R5 assay is employed as an endpoint immunogenicity test for vaccine-elicited neutralizing antibodies against tier 2 strains of HIV-1, and to identify correlates of protection in HIV-1 vaccine trials conducted globally.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sarzotti-Kelsoe, M; Daniell, X; Todd, CA; Bilska, M; Martelli, A; LaBranche, C; Perez, LG; Ochsenbauer, C; Kappes, JC; Rountree, W; Denny, TN; Montefiori, DC

Published Date

  • July 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 409 /

Start / End Page

  • 147 - 160

PubMed ID

  • 24607608

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4138262

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7905

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jim.2014.02.013


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands