Dose intensification of methotrexate and cytarabine during intensified continuation chemotherapy for high-risk B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: POG 9406: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of higher dose versus standard dose intravenous methotrexate (MTX) and pulses of high-dose cytosine arabinoside with asparaginase versus standard dose cytosine arabinoside and teniposide during intensified continuation therapy for higher risk pediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1994 to 1999, the Pediatric Oncology Group conducted a randomized phase III clinical trial in higher risk pediatric B-precursor ALL. A total of 784 patients were randomized in a 2×2 factorial design to receive MTX 1 g/m versus 2.5 g/m and to cytosine arabinoside/teniposide versus high-dose cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase during intensified continuation therapy. RESULTS: Patients receiving standard dose MTX had a 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) of 71.8±2.4%; patients receiving higher dose MTX had a 5-year DFS of 71.7±2.4% (P=0.55). Outcomes on cytosine arabinoside/teniposide (DFS of 70.4±2.4) were similar to higher dose cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase (DFS of 73.1±2.3%) (P=0.41). Overall survival rates were not different between MTX doses or cytosine arabinoside/teniposide versus cytosine arabinoside/asparaginase. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing MTX dosing to 2.5 g/m did not improve outcomes in higher risk pediatric B-precursor ALL. Giving high-dose cytarabine and asparaginase pulses instead of standard dose cytarabine and teniposide produced nonsignificant differences in outcomes, allowing for teniposide to be removed from ALL therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tower, RL; Jones, TL; Camitta, BM; Asselin, BL; Bell, BA; Chauvenet, A; Devidas, M; Halperin, EC; Pullen, J; Shuster, JJ; Winick, N; Kurtzberg, J

Published Date

  • July 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 353 - 361

PubMed ID

  • 24608079

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24608079

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1536-3678

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/MPH.0000000000000131

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States