Impact of nonculprit vessel myocardial perfusion on outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndromes: analysis from the ACUITY trial (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy).
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the impact of nonculprit vessel myocardial perfusion on outcomes of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) patients. BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients have decreased perfusion in areas remote from the infarct-related vessel. The impact of myocardial hypoperfusion of regions supplied by nonculprit vessels in NSTE-ACS patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. METHODS: The angiographic substudy of the ACUITY (Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy) trial included 6,921 NSTE-ACS patients. Complete 3-vessel assessments of baseline coronary TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) flow grade and myocardial blush grade (MBG) were performed. We examined the outcomes of PCI-treated patients according to the worst nonculprit vessel MBG identified per patient. RESULTS: Among the 3,826 patients treated with PCI, the worst nonculprit MBG was determined in 3,426 (89.5%) patients, including 375 (10.9%) MBG 0/1 patients, 475 (13.9%) MBG 2 patients, and 2,576 (75.2%) MBG 3 patients. Nonculprit MBG 0/1 was associated with worse baseline clinical characteristics. Patients with nonculprit MBG 0/1 versus MBG 3 had increased rates of 30-day (3.0% vs. 0.7%, p < 0.0001) and 1-year (4.4% vs. 1.0%, p < 0.0001) death. Similar results were found among patients with pre-procedural TIMI flow grade 3 in the culprit vessel, where nonculprit vessel MBG 0/1 (hazard ratio: 2.81 [95% confidence interval: 1.63 to 4.84], p = 0.0002) was the strongest predictor of 1-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced myocardial perfusion in an area supplied by a nonculprit vessel is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality rates in NSTE-ACS patients undergoing PCI. Furthermore, worst nonculprit MBG is able to risk-stratify patients with normal baseline flow of the culprit vessel.
Lansky, AJ; Ng, VG; Meller, S; Xu, K; Fahy, M; Feit, F; Ohman, EM; White, HD; Mehran, R; Bertrand, ME; Desmet, W; Hamon, M; Stone, GW
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