Characterization of the Vibrio cholerae VolA surface-exposed lipoprotein lysophospholipase.
Bacterial lipases play important roles in bacterial metabolism and environmental response. Our laboratory recently discovered that a novel lipoprotein lysophospholipase, VolA, localizes on the surface of the Gram-negative aquatic pathogen Vibrio cholerae. VolA functions to cleave exogenous lysophosphatidylcholine, freeing the fatty acid moiety for use by V. cholerae. This fatty acid is transported into the cell and can be used as a nutrient and, more importantly, as a way to alter the membrane architecture via incorporation into the phospholipid biosynthesis pathway. There are few examples of Gram-negative, surface-exposed lipoproteins, and VolA is unique, as it has a previously undercharacterized function in V. cholerae membrane remodeling. Herein, we report the biochemical characterization of VolA. We show that VolA is a canonical lipoprotein via mass spectrometry analysis and demonstrate the in vitro activity of VolA under a variety of conditions. Additionally, we show that VolA contains a conserved Gly-Xaa-Ser-Xaa-Gly motif typical of lipases. Interestingly, we report the observation of VolA homologs in other aquatic pathogens. An Aeromonas hydrophila VolA homolog complements a V. cholerae VolA mutant in growth on lysophosphatidylcholine as the sole carbon source and in enzymatic assays. These results support the idea that the lipase activity of surface-exposed VolA likely contributes to the success of V. cholerae, improving the overall adaptation and survival of the organism in different environments.
Pride, AC; Guan, Z; Trent, MS
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