Calorie intake, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and obesity among New York City adults: findings from a 2013 population study using dietary recalls.

Published

Journal Article

Obesity and overweight-obesity have contributed to increases in early mortality and noncommunicable disease incidence. The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to obesity, weight gain, and metabolic syndrome. To further explore this relationship in a large urban environment, we assessed disparities in calorie intake between SSB and non-SSB consumers and determine the association between varying SSB consumption, obesity, and overweight-obesity using data from a 2013 representative dietary survey conducted in New York City. Results show that adult SSB drinkers consume 193 kcal/day from SSBs, approximately 10% of daily caloric needs. Compared to non-SSB drinkers, those who consume SSBs have a 572 kcal greater daily intake. Total calorie differences are due to greater SSB calorie and food calorie consumption. Among SSB consumers, each 10-oz increase in SSB consumption is associated with a greater likelihood of obesity (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.05, 2.05) and overweight-obesity (OR 2.23, 95% CI 1.31, 3.80). Additionally, each 10-kcal SSB increase is related to obesity (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01, 1.08) and overweight-obesity (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.02, 1.11).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ruff, RR; Akhund, A; Adjoian, T; Kansagra, SM

Published Date

  • December 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1117 - 1123

PubMed ID

  • 24671367

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24671367

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3610

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10900-014-9865-3

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands