Impaired beta-cell sensitivity to glucose and maximal insulin secretory capacity in adolescents with type 2 diabetes.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have broad impairments in beta-cell function, including severe attenuation of the first-phase insulin response to glucose, and reduced beta-cell mass. In adolescents with T2DM, there is some evidence that beta-cell dysfunction may be less severe. Our objective was to determine beta-cell sensitivity to glucose and maximal insulin secretory capacity (AIR(max)) in teenagers with T2DM. METHODS: Fifteen adolescents with T2DM [11 F/4 M, age 18.4 +/- 0.3 yr, body mass index (BMI) 39.8 +/- 2.2 kg/m(2)] and 10 non-diabetic control subjects (7 F/3 M, age 17.4 +/- 0.5 yr, BMI 41.5 +/- 2.2 kg/m(2)) were studied. T2DM subjects had a mean duration of diabetes of 48.8 +/- 6.4 months, were treated with conventional therapies, and had good metabolic control [hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 6.7 +/- 1.2%]. Insulin and C-peptide were determined before and after a graded glucose infusion and after intravenous arginine at a whole blood glucose level of >or=22 mM. RESULTS: The insulin response to increasing plasma glucose concentrations was blunted in the diabetic compared with control subjects (34.8 +/- 11.9 vs. 280.5 +/- 57.8 pmol/mmol; p < 0.0001), and AIR(max) was also significantly reduced in the diabetic group (1868 +/- 330 vs. 4445 +/- 606; p = 0.0005). CONCLUSION: Even adolescents with well-controlled T2DM have severe impairments of insulin secretion. These data support beta-cell dysfunction as central in the pathogenesis of T2DM in young people, and indicate that these abnormalities can develop over a period of just several years.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Elder, DA; Woo, JG; D'Alessio, DA

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 314 - 321

PubMed ID

  • 19961550

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19961550

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1399-5448

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1399-5448.2009.00601.x

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Denmark