Recombinant glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36 amide) lowers fasting serum glucose in a broad spectrum of patients with type 2 diabetes.

Journal Article

AIMS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of various doses of recombinant glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide (rGLP-1) administered subcutaneously (s. c.) via bolus injection or continuous infusion to lower fasting serum glucose (FSG) levels in subjects with type 2 diabetes treated by diet, hypoglycemic drugs, or insulin injection. METHODS: rGLP-1 was administered s. c. to 40 type 2 diabetics currently treated by diet, sulfonylurea (SU), metformin, or insulin in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial; preexisting treatments were continued during the study. In the bolus injection protocol, 32 subjects (8 from each of the 4 treatment groups) received 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 nmol rGLP-1/kg per injection (two injections, two hours apart, beginning one hour after the evening meal) in a randomized order on separate days. In the continuous s. c. infusion protocol, 40 subjects received rGLP-1 at 0.0, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, and 4.5 pmol/kg/min for 10-12 hours overnight starting one hour after the evening meal. Fasting bloods were taken the morning after for glucose, insulin, and glucagon measurements. RESULTS: In the diet, SU, and metformin cohorts, bolus rGLP-1 injections produced modest reductions in mean FSG levels, averaging 17.4 mg/dl (7.3-27.5; 95 % CI) at the highest dose (p < 0.001 vs. placebo). Reductions in FSG levels were greater by continuous infusion at up to 30.3 mg/dl (18.8 - 41.8; 95 % CI; p < 0.001 vs. placebo). The greatest reduction in mean FSG occurred in the SU cohort (up to 43.9 mg/dl, 24.7 - 63.1; 95 % CI; p < 0.001). rGLP-1 infusions resulted in significant increases in fasting plasma insulin and decreases in fasting plasma glucagon levels. There were no serious adverse events; GI-related symptoms were dose-related and more commonly associated with injections. CONCLUSIONS: rGLP-1 (7-36) amide dose-dependently lowered FSG in a broad spectrum of type 2 diabetics when added to their existing treatment. Subcutaneous infusion was more effective than injection, and the combination with SU was more effective than with metformin.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ehlers, MR; Klaff, LJ; D'Alessio, DA; Brazg, R; Kay, HD; Harley, RE; Mathisen, AL; Schneider, R

Published Date

  • October 1, 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 611 - 616

PubMed ID

  • 14605997

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1439-4286

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-5043

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-2003-43509

Language

  • eng