Double rolling isolation systems: A mathematical model and experimental validation


Journal Article

Rolling isolation systems (RISs) protect fragile building contents from earthquake hazards by decoupling horizontal floor motions from the horizontal responses of the isolated object. The RISs in use today have displacement capacities of about 20 cm. This displacement capacity can be increased by stacking two systems. This paper presents and evaluates a complete non-linear model of the coupled dynamics of double RISs. The model is derived through the fundamental form of Lagranges equation and involves the non-holonomic constraints of spheres rolling between non-parallel surfaces. The derivation requires the use of two translating and rotating reference frames. The proposed model is validated through comparisons between experimentally measured and numerically predicted time histories and peak response quantities - total acceleration and relative displacement. The effects of the initial conditions, the mass of the isolated object, and the amplitude and period of the disturbance on the systems performance are assessed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harvey, PS; Gavin, HP

Published Date

  • May 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 61 /

Start / End Page

  • 80 - 92

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0020-7462

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2014.01.011

Citation Source

  • Scopus