Obesity-related health status changes and weight-loss treatment utilization.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Behavioral weight-loss treatment can improve health, yet it is underutilized. Factors leading to initiation of weight-loss treatment are not well characterized. In particular, it is unknown whether changes in obesity-related health status contribute to weight-loss treatment initiation. PURPOSE: To determine if recent weight change or diagnosis of an obesity-related comorbidity was associated with utilization of a behavioral weight-loss program in an integrated healthcare setting. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 45,272 Veterans Affairs (VA) patients with BMI >30, logistic regression was used to examine whether recent weight change or obesity-related comorbidities newly diagnosed in the past 6 months were associated with initiation of a VA behavioral weight management program (called MOVE!) in 2010 or sustained MOVE! use (eight or more sessions). Weight change in prior year was categorized as >3% weight loss; weight stable (<3% change); or weight gain of 3%-4.9%, 5%-9.9%, or ≥10%. Data were analyzed in 2013. RESULTS: Patients were 91% male, 68% white, and had a mean age of 58 years. Patients were more likely to initiate treatment if they had ≥3% weight gain (3%-4.9%: OR=1.64, 95% CI=1.52, 1.77; 5%-9.9%: OR=1.99, 95% CI=1.84, 2.16; ≥10%: OR=2.68, 95% CI=2.32, 3.10) or were newly diagnosed with any obesity-related comorbidity (ORs: 2.14-3.59). Weight change and new comorbidity diagnoses were not associated, however, with sustained MOVE! use. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse obesity-related health events were associated with initiation of behavioral weight-loss treatment offered in an integrated healthcare setting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McVay, MA; Yancy, WS; Vijan, S; Van Scoyoc, L; Neelon, B; Voils, CI; Maciejewski, ML

Published Date

  • May 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 465 - 472

PubMed ID

  • 24745636

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24745636

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2607

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0749-3797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.11.018

Language

  • eng