Mediation style and crisis outcomes


Journal Article (Review)

This study focuses on the varying effectiveness of three mediation styles - facilitation, formulation, and manipulation - on international crises. Effectiveness is assessed in terms of three outcome variables: formal agreement, post-crisis tension reduction, and contribution to crisis abatement. The authors analyze new data on the mediation process from the International Crisis Behavior project (1918-2001). Manipulation has the strongest effect on the likelihood of both reaching a formal agreement and contributing to crisis abatement. Facilitation has the greatest influence on increasing the prospects for lasting tension reduction. The authors explore how the different styles affect the strategic bargaining environment to explain these differences in impact. The findings suggest that mediators should use a balance of styles if they are to maximize their overall effectiveness. © 2006 Sage Publications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beardsley, KC; Quinn, DM; Biswas, B; Wilkenfeld, J

Published Date

  • February 1, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 58 - 86

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-8766

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-0027

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0022002705282862

Citation Source

  • Scopus