Hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections: estimating all-cause mortality and length of stay.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a health care-associated infection of increasing importance. The purpose of this study was to estimate the time until death from any cause and time until release among patients with C. difficile, comparing the burden of those in the intensive care unit (ICU) with those in the general hospital population. METHODS: A parametric mixture model was used to estimate event times, as well as the case-fatality ratio in ICU and non-ICU patients within a cohort of 609 adult incident cases of C. difficile in the Southeastern United States between 1 July 2009 and 31 December 2010. RESULTS: ICU patients had twice the median time to death (relative time = 1.97 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.96-4.01]) and nearly twice the median time to release (1.88 [1.40-2.51]) compared with non-ICU patients. ICU patients also experienced 3.4 times the odds of mortality (95% CI = 1.8-6.2). Cause-specific competing risks analysis underestimated the relative survival time until death (0.65 [0.36-1.17]) compared with the mixture model. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with C. difficile in the ICU experienced higher mortality and longer lengths of stay within the hospital. ICU patients with C. difficile infection represent a population in need of particular attention, both to prevent adverse patient outcomes and to minimize transmission of C. difficile to other hospitalized patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lofgren, ET; Cole, SR; Weber, DJ; Anderson, DJ; Moehring, RW

Published Date

  • July 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 570 - 575

PubMed ID

  • 24815305

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4224274

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1531-5487

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000119


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States