Adolescent alcohol exposure and persistence of adolescent-typical phenotypes into adulthood: a mini-review.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Alcohol use is typically initiated during adolescence, which, along with young adulthood, is a vulnerable period for the onset of high-risk drinking and alcohol abuse. Given across-species commonalities in certain fundamental neurobehavioral characteristics of adolescence, studies in laboratory animals such as the rat have proved useful to assess persisting consequences of repeated alcohol exposure. Despite limited research to date, reports of long-lasting effects of adolescent ethanol exposure are emerging, along with certain common themes. One repeated finding is that adolescent exposure to ethanol sometimes results in the persistence of adolescent-typical phenotypes into adulthood. Instances of adolescent-like persistence have been seen in terms of baseline behavioral, cognitive, electrophysiological and neuroanatomical characteristics, along with the retention of adolescent-typical sensitivities to acute ethanol challenge. These effects are generally not observed after comparable ethanol exposure in adulthood. Persistence of adolescent-typical phenotypes is not always evident, and may be related to regionally specific ethanol influences on the interplay between CNS excitation and inhibition critical for the timing of neuroplasticity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Spear, LP; Swartzwelder, HS

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 /

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 8

PubMed ID

  • 24813805

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24813805

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7528

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.04.012

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States