Graph Matching: Relax at Your Own Risk.

Published

Journal Article

Graph matching-aligning a pair of graphs to minimize their edge disagreements-has received wide-spread attention from both theoretical and applied communities over the past several decades, including combinatorics, computer vision, and connectomics. Its attention can be partially attributed to its computational difficulty. Although many heuristics have previously been proposed in the literature to approximately solve graph matching, very few have any theoretical support for their performance. A common technique is to relax the discrete problem to a continuous problem, therefore enabling practitioners to bring gradient-descent-type algorithms to bear. We prove that an indefinite relaxation (when solved exactly) almost always discovers the optimal permutation, while a common convex relaxation almost always fails to discover the optimal permutation. These theoretical results suggest that initializing the indefinite algorithm with the convex optimum might yield improved practical performance. Indeed, experimental results illuminate and corroborate these theoretical findings, demonstrating that excellent results are achieved in both benchmark and real data problems by amalgamating the two approaches.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lyzinski, V; Fishkind, DE; Fiori, M; Vogelstein, JT; Priebe, CE; Sapiro, G

Published Date

  • January 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 60 - 73

PubMed ID

  • 26656578

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26656578

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-3539

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0162-8828

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/TPAMI.2015.2424894

Language

  • eng