Exploring the association between melanoma and glioma risks.

Journal Article

Gliomas are one of the most fatal malignancies, with largely unknown etiology. This study examines a possible connection between glioma and melanoma, which might provide insight into gliomas' etiology.Using data provided by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program from 1992 to 2009, a cohort was constructed to determine the incidence rates of glioma among those who had a prior diagnosis of invasive melanoma. Glioma rates in those with prior melanoma were compared with those in the general population.The incidence rate of all gliomas was greater among melanoma cases than in the general population: 10.46 versus 6.13 cases per 100,000 person-years, standardized incidence ratios = 1.42 (1.22-1.62). The female excess rate was slightly greater (42%) than that among males (29%). Sensitivity analyses did not reveal evidence that radiation treatment of melanoma is responsible for the detected gap in the rates of gliomas.Our analysis documented increased risk of glioma among melanoma patients. Because no common environmental risk factors are identified for glioma and melanoma, it is hypothesized that a common genetic predisposition may be responsible for the detected association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Scarbrough, PM; Akushevich, I; Wrensch, M; Il'yasova, D

Published Date

  • June 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 469 - 474

PubMed ID

  • 24703682

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2585

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1047-2797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.02.010

Language

  • eng