Polycystic ovary syndrome: update on diagnosis and treatment.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Polycystic ovary syndrome is now a well-recognized condition affecting 6%-25% of reproductive-aged women, depending on the definition. Over the past 3 decades, research has launched it from relative medical obscurity to a condition increasingly recognized as common in internal medicine practices. It affects multiple systems, and requires a comprehensive perspective on health care for effective treatment. Metabolic derangements and associated complications include insulin resistance and diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, fatty liver, metabolic syndrome, and sleep apnea. Reproductive complications include oligo-/amenorrhea, sub-fertility, endometrial hyperplasia, and cancer. Associated psychosocial concerns include depression and disordered eating. Additionally, cosmetic issues include hirsutism, androgenic alopecia, and acne. This review organizes this multi-system approach around the mnemonic "MY PCOS" and discusses evaluation and treatment options for the reproductive, cosmetic, and metabolic complications of this condition.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Setji, TL; Brown, AJ

Published Date

  • October 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 127 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 912 - 919

PubMed ID

  • 24859638

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24859638

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1555-7162

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.04.017

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States