Dual-fission chamber and neutron beam characterization for fission product yield measurements using monoenergetic neutrons


Journal Article

A program has been initiated to measure the energy dependence of selected high-yield fission products used in the analysis of nuclear test data. We present out initial work of neutron activation using a dual-fission chamber with quasi-monoenergetic neutrons and gamma-counting method. Quasi-monoenergetic neutrons of energies from 0.5 to 15 MeV using the TUNL 10 MV FM tandem to provide high-precision and self-consistent measurements of fission product yields (FPY). The final FPY results will be coupled with theoretical analysis to provide a more fundamental understanding of the fission process. To accomplish this goal, we have developed and tested a set of dual-fission ionization chambers to provide an accurate determination of the number of fissions occurring in a thick target located in the middle plane of the chamber assembly. Details of the fission chamber and its performance are presented along with neutron beam production and characterization. Also presented are studies on the background issues associated with room-return and off-energy neutron production. We show that the off-energy neutron contribution can be significant, but correctable, while room-return neutron background levels contribute less than <1% to the fission signal. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bhatia, C; Fallin, B; Gooden, ME; Howell, CR; Kelley, JH; Tornow, W; Arnold, CW; Bond, EM; Bredeweg, TA; Fowler, MM; Moody, WA; Rundberg, RS; Rusev, G; Vieira, DJ; Wilhelmy, JB; Becker, JA; Macri, R; Ryan, C; Sheets, SA; Stoyer, MA; Tonchev, AP

Published Date

  • September 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 757 /

Start / End Page

  • 7 - 19

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nima.2014.03.022

Citation Source

  • Scopus