ACR Appropriateness Criteria(®) on renal failure.


Journal Article (Review)

Imaging plays a role in the management of patients with acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease. However, clinical circumstances strongly impact the appropriateness of imaging use. In patients with newly detected renal dysfunction, ultrasonography can assess for reversible causes, assess renal size and echogenicity, and thus, establish the chronicity of disease. Urinary obstruction can be detected, but imaging is most useful in high-risk groups or in patients in whom there is a strong clinical suspicion for obstruction. Computed tomography, computed tomography or magnetic resonance arteriography, and percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy are valuable in other clinical situations. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances where evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Remer, EM; Papanicolaou, N; Casalino, DD; Bishoff, JT; Blaufox, MD; Coursey, CA; Dighe, M; Eberhardt, SC; Goldfarb, S; Harvin, HJ; Heilbrun, ME; Leyendecker, JR; Nikolaidis, P; Oto, A; Preminger, GM; Raman, SS; Sheth, S; Vikram, R; Weinfeld, RM

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 127 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1041 - 8.e1

PubMed ID

  • 24865874

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24865874

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1555-7162

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjmed.2014.05.014


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States