A randomized trial of diet in men with early stage prostate cancer on active surveillance: rationale and design of the Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]).

Journal Article (Clinical Trial, Phase III;Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Diet may substantially alter prostate cancer initiation and progression. However, large-scale clinical trials of diet modification have yet to be performed for prostate cancer. The Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]) is investigating the effect of increased vegetable consumption on clinical progression in men with localized prostate cancer. STUDY DESIGN: MEAL is a randomized, phase III clinical trial designed to test whether an intervention that increases vegetable intake will decrease the incidence of clinical progression in men with clinically localized prostate cancer on active surveillance. We are randomizing 464 patients to either a validated telephone-based diet counseling intervention or a control condition in which patients receive a published diet guideline. The intervention will continue for two years. The primary outcome variable is clinical progression defined by serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and pathological findings on follow-up prostate biopsy. Secondary outcome variables include incidence of surgical and non-surgical treatments for prostate cancer, prostate-cancer related patient anxiety and health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: The MEAL Study is assessing the effectiveness of a high-vegetable diet intervention for preventing clinical progression in men with localized prostate cancer on active surveillance.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Parsons, JK; Pierce, JP; Mohler, J; Paskett, E; Jung, S-H; Humphrey, P; Taylor, JR; Newman, VA; Barbier, L; Rock, CL; Marshall, J

Published Date

  • July 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 198 - 203

PubMed ID

  • 24837543

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4280832

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1559-2030

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cct.2014.05.002


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States