Representation of Women in Randomized Clinical Trials of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in women. Differences in pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of women with cardiovascular disease compared with men have become a major focus during the past decades. Guideline of CVD prevention in women drew heavily on the results of randomized clinical trials (RCT). However, data from RCT in women was limited, leading to concerns of women been underrepresented in clinical trials from which guidelines were generated. During the past several years, researchers, physicians, and regulators have made substantial efforts to improve understanding of the sex difference in CVD and to recognize the importance of heart disease in women. The purpose of this review is to evaluate contemporary sex differences in CVD disease management, current representation of women in RCT, and examine factors that may improve women's representation and quality of care in CVD prevention in women. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
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