Improving urban African Americans' blood pressure control through multi-level interventions in the Achieving Blood Pressure Control Together (ACT) study: a randomized clinical trial.
BACKGROUND: Given their high rates of uncontrolled blood pressure, urban African Americans comprise a particularly vulnerable subgroup of persons with hypertension. Substantial evidence has demonstrated the important role of family and community support in improving patients' management of a variety of chronic illnesses. However, studies of multi-level interventions designed specifically to improve urban African American patients' blood pressure self-management by simultaneously leveraging patient, family, and community strengths are lacking. METHODS/DESIGN: We report the protocol of the Achieving Blood Pressure Control Together (ACT) study, a randomized controlled trial designed to study the effectiveness of interventions that engage patient, family, and community-level resources to facilitate urban African American hypertensive patients' improved hypertension self-management and subsequent hypertension control. African American patients with uncontrolled hypertension receiving health care in an urban primary care clinic will be randomly assigned to receive 1) an educational intervention led by a community health worker alone, 2) the community health worker intervention plus a patient and family communication activation intervention, or 3) the community health worker intervention plus a problem-solving intervention. All participants enrolled in the study will receive and be trained to use a digital home blood pressure machine. The primary outcome of the randomized controlled trial will be patients' blood pressure control at 12months. DISCUSSION: Results from the ACT study will provide needed evidence on the effectiveness of comprehensive multi-level interventions to improve urban African American patients' hypertension control.
Ephraim, PL; Hill-Briggs, F; Roter, DL; Bone, LR; Wolff, JL; Lewis-Boyer, L; Levine, DM; Aboumatar, HJ; Cooper, LA; Fitzpatrick, SJ; Gudzune, KA; Albert, MC; Monroe, D; Simmons, M; Hickman, D; Purnell, L; Fisher, A; Matens, R; Noronha, GJ; Fagan, PJ; Ramamurthi, HC; Ameling, JM; Charlston, J; Sam, TS; Carson, KA; Wang, N-Y; Crews, DC; Greer, RC; Sneed, V; Flynn, SJ; DePasquale, N; Boulware, LE
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