Distribution and diversity of planktonic fungi in the West Pacific Warm Pool.

Published

Journal Article

Fungi contribute substantially to biogeochemical cycles of terrestrial and marine habitats by decomposing matter and recycling nutrients. Yet, the diversity of their planktonic forms in the open ocean is poorly described. In this study, culture-independent and molecular approaches were applied to investigate fungal diversity and abundance derived from samples collected from a broad swath of the Pacific Warm Pool across major environmental gradients Our results revealed that planktonic fungi were molecularly diverse and their diversity patterns were related to major phytoplankton taxa and various nutrients including nitrate, nitrite, orthophosphate and silicic acid. Over 400 fungal phylotypes were recovered across this region and nearly half of them grouped into two major fungal lineages of Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, whose abundance varied among stations. These results suggest that planktonic fungi are a diverse and integral component of the marine microbial community and should be included in future marine microbial ecosystem models.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, X; Singh, P; Gao, Z; Zhang, X; Johnson, ZI; Wang, G

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 7

Start / End Page

  • e101523 -

PubMed ID

  • 24992154

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24992154

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-6203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1932-6203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0101523

Language

  • eng