Authorship in global mental health research: recommendations for collaborative approaches to writing and publishing.
BACKGROUND: Collaborations among researchers, clinicians, and individuals with mental illness from high-income countries (HICs) and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are crucial to produce research, interventions, and policies that are relevant, feasible, and ethical. However, global mental health and cultural psychiatry research publications have been dominated by HIC investigators. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to present recommendations for collaborative writing with a focus on early career investigators researchers in HICs and LMICs. METHODS: A workshop was conducted with HIC and LMIC investigators in Nepal to discuss lessons learned for collaborative writing. The researchers had experience in cross-cultural psychiatric epidemiology, health services research, randomized controlled trials, and projects with war and disaster-affected populations in complex humanitarian emergencies including child soldiers and refugees. Additional lessons learned were contributed from researchers engaged in similar collaborations in Haiti. FINDINGS: A step-by-step process for collaborative writing was developed. CONCLUSIONS: HIC and LMIC writing collaborations will encourage accurate, ethical, and contextually grounded publications to foster understanding and facilitate reduction of the global burden of mental illness.
Kohrt, BA; Upadhaya, N; Luitel, NP; Maharjan, SM; Kaiser, BN; MacFarlane, EK; Khan, N
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