“Those who live apart” were Mercenaries

Journal Article (Academic article)

Since antiquity, scholars have thought that the phrase τοὺς χωρὶς οἰκοῦντας (Dem. 4.36) indicated a special class of slaves, or freedmen, or (Kazakévich) an unspecified form of free alien. The argument advanced in Dem. 4, this paper suggests, shows that the individuals who lived apart, were mercenaries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sosin, JD

Published Date

  • 2015

Published In

  • Historia

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 413 - 418