Health-related quality of life among self-reported arthritis sufferers: effects of race/ethnicity and residence.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for African Americans and Caucasians with self-reported arthritis residing in rural and urban areas of a southern state. METHODS: 1,191 individuals completed a telephone survey, which included the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). Participants were stratified into groups: African American/rural, Caucasian/rural, African American/urban, and Caucasian/urban. We evaluated differences and associations in HRQoL for the four groups. RESULTS: Multivariable linear regression models revealed that being an African American rural resident was associated with worse self-reported mental health on the SF-12 even after adjusting for multiple confounding variables. In contrast, multivariable linear regression models revealed that being a Caucasian rural resident was associated with worse physical health SF-12 scores. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed differences in HRQoL on the mental and physical health functioning scales of the SF-12 for African American rural and Caucasian rural residents. Researchers assessing HRQoL in arthritis patients should consider using a race/residence product term in their analyses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kovac, SH; Mikuls, TR; Mudano, A; Saag, KG

Published Date

  • April 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 451 - 460

PubMed ID

  • 16547784

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0962-9343

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11136-005-3213-0


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands