Biogeochemical consequences of rapid microbial turnover and seasonal succession in soil.


Journal Article

Soil microbial communities have the metabolic and genetic capability to adapt to changing environmental conditions on very short time scales. In this paper we combine biogeochemical and molecular approaches to reveal this potential, showing that microbial biomass can turn over on time scales of days to months in soil, resulting in a succession of microbial communities over the course of a year. This new understanding of the year-round turnover and succession of microbial communities allows us for the first time to propose a temporally explicit N cycle that provides mechanistic hypotheses to explain both the loss and retention of dissolved organic N (DON) and inorganic N (DIN) throughout the year in terrestrial ecosystems. In addition, our results strongly support the hypothesis that turnover of the microbial community is the largest source of DON and DIN for plant uptake during the plant growing season. While this model of microbial biogeochemistry is derived from observed dynamics in the alpine, we present several examples from other ecosystems to indicate that the general ideas of biogeochemical fluxes being linked to turnover and succession of microbial communities are applicable to a wide range of terrestrial ecosystems.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Schmidt, SK; Costello, EK; Nemergut, DR; Cleveland, CC; Reed, SC; Weintraub, MN; Meyer, AF; Martin, AM

Published Date

  • June 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 88 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1379 - 1385

PubMed ID

  • 17601130

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17601130

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-9170

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-9658

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1890/06-0164


  • eng