Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum.


Journal Article

We examine the climate response to solar irradiance changes between the late 17th-century Maunder Minimum and the late 18th century. Global average temperature changes are small (about 0.3 degrees to 0.4 degrees C) in both a climate model and empirical reconstructions. However, regional temperature changes are quite large. In the model, these occur primarily through a forced shift toward the low index state of the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation as solar irradiance decreases. This leads to colder temperatures over the Northern Hemisphere continents, especially in winter (1 degrees to 2 degrees C), in agreement with historical records and proxy data for surface temperatures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shindell, DT; Schmidt, GA; Mann, ME; Rind, D; Waple, A

Published Date

  • December 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 294 / 5549

Start / End Page

  • 2149 - 2152

PubMed ID

  • 11739952

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11739952

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1064363


  • eng