G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 gene polymorphisms are associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients receiving β-blockers.

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We hypothesized that genetic variations in the adrenergic signaling pathway and cytochrome P450 2D6 enzyme are associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and were treated with perioperative β-blockers (BBs).Two cohorts of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and received perioperative BBs at Duke University Medical Center were studied. In a discovery cohort of 563 individuals from the Perioperative Genetics and Safety Outcomes Study (PEGASUS), using a covariate-adjusted logistic regression analysis, we tested 492 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 10 candidate genes of the adrenergic signaling pathway and cytochrome P450 2D6 for association with postoperative AF despite perioperative BB therapy. SNPs meeting a false discovery rate ≤0.20 (P<0.002) were then tested in the replication cohort of 245 individuals from the Catheterization Genetics biorepository. Of the 492 SNPs examined, 4 intronic SNPs of the G protein-coupled kinase 5 (GRK5) gene were significantly associated with postoperative AF despite perioperative BB therapy in the discovery cohort with additive odds ratios between 1.72 and 2.75 (P=4.78×10(-5) to 0.0015). Three of these SNPs met nominal significance levels in the replication cohort with odds ratios between 2.07 and 2.60 (P=0.007 to 0.016). However, meta-analysis of the 2 data sets cohorts suggested strong association with postoperative AF despite perioperative BB therapy in all 4 SNPs (meta-P values from 1.66×10(-6) to 3.39×10(-5)).In patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, genetic variation in GRK5 is associated with postoperative AF despite perioperative BB therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kertai, MD; Li, Y-W; Li, Y-J; Shah, SH; Kraus, WE; Fontes, ML; Stafford-Smith, M; Newman, MF; Podgoreanu, MV; Mathew, JP; Duke Perioperative Genetics and Safety Outcomes (PEGASUS) Investigative Team,

Published Date

  • October 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 625 - 633

PubMed ID

  • 25049040

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25049040

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1942-3268

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1942-325X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.113.000451

Language

  • eng