Trends in use of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: Results from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database.

Journal Article


Recent national trends in off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting have not been reported.


We analyzed data from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database regarding isolated primary coronary artery bypass grafting operations (N = 2,137,841; 1997-2012). The off-pump percentages were calculated in aggregate, by center, and by surgeon. On the basis of the 2007/2008 yearly off-pump volume, the analysis subgroups were "high" (center n > 200, surgeon n > 100), "intermediate" (center n = 50-200, surgeon n = 20-100), and "low" (center n = 1-49, surgeon n = 1-19).


The use of off-pump procedures peaked in 2002 (23%) and again in 2008 (21%), followed by a progressive decline in off-pump frequency to 17% by 2012. After 2008, off-pump rates declined among both high-volume and intermediate-volume centers and surgeons; little change was observed for low-volume centers or surgeons (off-pump rates = 10% since 2008). By the end of the study period, 84% of centers performed fewer than 50 off-pump cases per year, 34% of surgeons performed no off-pump operations, and 86% of surgeons performed fewer than 20 off-pump cases per year. Except for a higher (7.8%) conversion rate in 2003, the rate for conversions fluctuated approximately 6%.


Enthusiasm for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting has been tempered. The percentage of coronary artery bypass grafting operations performed off-pump has steadily declined over the last 5 years, and currently this technique is used in fewer than 1 in 5 patients who undergo surgical coronary revascularization. A minority of surgeons and centers continue to perform off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in most of their patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bakaeen, FG; Shroyer, ALW; Gammie, JS; Sabik, JF; Cornwell, LD; Coselli, JS; Rosengart, TK; O'Brien, SM; Wallace, A; Shahian, DM; Grover, FL; Puskas, JD

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 148 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 856 - 853

PubMed ID

  • 25043865

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25043865

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-685X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-5223

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.12.047


  • eng